COVID-19 precautions and policies are in place to ensure the health and safety of our campus community. Information can be found on our main COVID-19 page

Master of Liberal Studies

Carol Gayle

Carol Gayle

Associate Professor of History, Emerita
Associate Director of the MLS Program
Chair of Area Studies

Masters of Liberal Studies


Russian and East European History
European History
Women’s History
History of Education
Cast-Iron Architecture


Russian history, Russian literature and film, Cast-iron architecture, James Bogardus and the Origins of Cast-Iron Architecture in America


Certificate, Russian Institute, Columbia University
MA History, Columbia University
BA Swarthmore College

Courses Taught

History 208: Europe Under the Old Regime
History 209: Europe in the 20th Century
History 255: History of Russia
History 257: World War II: The European Experience
History 337: The Russian Revolution
History 338: Literature and Society in Russia


Cast-Iron Architecture in America: The Significance of James Bogardus, co-author with Margot Gayle (NY: WW Norton, 1998)

Economic History of Europe: Twentieth Century, co-editor with S. B. Clough and T. Moodie (NY: Harper & Row, 1968)

European Economic History: Documents and Readings, edited with Shepard B. Clough (Princeton: Van Nostrand, 1965)


“James Bogardus: Inventor of Cast-iron Architecture,” a chapter in The Great Builders, ed. Kenneth Powell (London: Thames & Hudson, 2011).

“Translating the Column into Iron: Bogardus and the Emergence of Cast-Iron Architecture in America,” in La Colonne: Nouvelle histoire de la construction, ed. Roberto Gargiani (Lausanne: Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, 2008).

“The Emergence of Cast-Iron Architecture in the United States: Defining the Role of James Bogardus,” APT Bulletin: The Journal of Preservation Technology 29, no. 2 (Fall 1998).

“The New York Crystal Palace: America’s Progress, Power, and Possibilities,” co-authored with Margot Gayle and Gretchen Ellsworth, Nineteenth Century 15, no. 1 (Spring 1995).

“S. T. Shatskii and His Essay ‘My Development as an Educator’ (1928),” Slavic and European Education Review 1, nos. 1 & 2 (Spring & Fall 1977).

“Martov and Menshevism,” Politics [Australia] 2, no. 2 (Nov. 1967).

Invited Talks

“The Development of Cast-Iron Architecture in the Nineteenth Century,” keynote lecture for the Symposium on the Restoration of Cast and Wrought Iron, sponsored by: Historic Preservation Education Foundation; American Institute of Architects, Historic Resources Committee; Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation.  Columbia University, NYC, March 2011

“Cast-Iron Architecture in America,” slide lecture for the Lake Forest/Lake Bluff Preservation Foundation, 2000

“Inventing Cast-Iron Architecture,” Urban Center (NYC), Spring 2000

“James Bogardus and Cast-Iron Architecture,” The Cooper Union (NYC), Spring 1999

Other Talks

“The USSR Since Gorbachev,” talk to the American Association of University Women of Deerfield, IL, November 2000.

Awards and Honors

Phi Beta Kappa