Library

One Hundred Rare and Notable Books

One Hundred Rare and Notable Books

A Selection Prepared in honor of the Renovated and Expanded Library’s 2004 Re-dedication

Compilers: Arthur H. Miller and Amit Shrestha ’07

Introduction
Books
Selected Bibliography

 


INTRODUCTION

The 2004 dedication of the renovated and expanded Donnelley and Lee Library of Lake Forest College marks the end of a transition, even a metamorphosis, and the beginning of a new era in the history of the College library—its collections and its programs.   From its earliest days in the mid 19th C. the institution’s library has been the repository of uncommon books (for example, from this selection #s 27, 93, and 95), an aspect of its unique location in Chicago’s leadership suburban community.  As the collections grew, matured and were shaped by generations of librarians and faculty they reflected the cultures among the institution’s constituencies—founders, trustees, faculty, alumni, students and friends.  This selection of one hundred rare and notable books mirrors this heritage and these perspectives while providing a laboratory for first-hand experience with landmark intellectual icons and with original materials for study.  The newly integrated James R. and Betsy Getz Archives and Special Collections Center serves at last as a fitting setting for this work of preserving and interpreting culture for new generations and for expanding knowledge through faculty and student research.

Betsy and the late James R. Getz of Lake Forest have led in stewardship of the College and of its libraries for a half century.  As a noted book collector and local resident, Mr. Getz chaired the College’s Library Committee beginning in the 1950s, an aspect of the institution’s Centennial preparation and celebration (1957).  A trustee from 1962 until his death in 1986, Mr. Getz helped work toward the new Freeman Science Library (1962) and—particularly—Donnelley Library (1965).  Since the mid 1980s Mrs. Getz has continued her late husband’s active involvement  in the life of the library. Today Mr. and Mrs. Getz’s gifts of books and of resources are integrated into this new center,  which bears both their names. The Getzes and the Buchanan Foundation made possible this new addition and renvewal of the four-decades-old Donnelley edifice, an effort led by trustee Laurence Lee of Lake Bluff and by his spouse, Barbara R. Lee, and for whom the building’s name has been expanded, as well.  

Special Collections Books—Their Scope and Their Liberal Arts Role

Typically within this one hundred titles the selections represent veins of collecting concentration within the whole—such as the Getzes’ interests in early Western and pre-historic Americana and also in literature—legacies  of ever broadening interests.  Books have come from donations and from purchases: from special gifts or from dedicated endowed funds, as noted below for each item.  This project of reviewing the collection for this occasion also has suggested, through its omissions, some areas for development  to match the wider institutional commitments to intellectual  balance,  inclusion and global study.  Perceived gaps in the holdings can challenge new generations to help broaden the collection to assure its on-going equilibrium within the curriculum and with the diversities of the faculty and student body.  As John Hill Burton wrote in The Book Hunter (2nd ed., 1900):

A great library cannot be constructed—it is the growth of ages.  You may buy books at any time with money, but you cannot make a library like one that has been a century or two a-growing, though you had the whole national debt to do it with. (p. 169)

Nicholas A. Basbanes quoted the first sentence of Burton’s observation on the opening page of the text of his 1994 book, A Gentle Madness: Bibliophiles, Bibliomanes, and the Eternal Passion for Books (Henry Holt), published a decade after the first personal computers were installed in Donnelley and, in part, in anti-modern reaction to the already-by-then ubiquitous internet.  As networked information has dramatically altered the distribution of information and the focus of libraries, Basbane’s book opens with stories of communing with physical books linked to history, experiences very much like touching the hand that touched the hand, etc.  For many liberal arts college students such direct connections with landmark books can intensify learning.  In the mid 1980s, for example, an Art Department seminar focused on one book, the 1493 Nuremberg Chronicle (#1), creating an exhibit and catalog (Nuremberg Chronicle: Do Not Let This Book Escape You, 1986).  Basbane quotes 19th C. Italian Renaissance historian John Addington Symons about Western culture’s debt to the scholar printers of the 1400s and 1500s who recorded history up to their time and preserved classical texts, to whom we “’owe in great measure the freedom of our spirits, our stores of intellectual enjoyment, our command of the past, our certainty of the future of human culture.’” Contact with some of these actual physical books can put students directly in touch with this crucial and often exciting period.

This particular choice group of books includes, in illustration of Basbanes’ point, the first printed edition in Greek of the first great historian, Thucydides (1502), by the Venetian innovative scholar-printer Aldus Manutius (#3) and also a 1721 Boston edition of key landmark texts of English liberty set by hand by a teenaged Benjamin Franklin, who in the 1780s would participate in drafting the U.S. Constitution (#42).  Other books equally dramatically evoke historic events.  One is a presentation copy of an 1884  pamphlet from Alexander Graham Bell to his nephew who in 1876 had been his family guinea pig, the first to try the other end of the inventor’s telephone line in his Harvard lab—the beginning-student/nephew being the first person ever to hear the human voice transmitted (#96).  Another 1945 limited edition book of sketches by artist Tom Lea of a September 15, 1944 U.S. invasion of a Japanese-held island east of the Philippines is bound in the green woven cloth of Marine battle fatigues (#89).  And a third such example is the poet Sylvia Plath’s copy of a 1956 guidebook to Cambridge University, which—according to research by Professor of English Emerita Ann Hentz—she marked up on arrival there from the U.S., a young student abroad (#90).  These books enable students to touch an object touched by the hand of participants in great events.

Rare and Notable—Some Criteria

This selection consists of a range of books rare and notable for a variety of reasons.  Supply and demand, or availability and degree of interest, provide general criteria.  Some books were created to be preserved, like the stately 1493 Nuremberg Chronicle (#1) and the 1931 limited-edition Powell overland narrative (#48).  But others, generated in quantity, were discarded casually at the time and survive only in a few known examples, such as the pamphlet version of Dr. King’s Letter From the Birmingham Jail and the 1878 Lakeside Cookbook (#s 50 and 57).  In some cases, books have been suppressed and destroyed, so that surviving copies are rare, as with the 1546 Hebrew Bible (#6).  Also, some otherwise widely obtainable or even common books can become sought-after for their “associations”—as mentioned above and also including, for example,  both the William Morris talk owned by T.E. Donnelley (#15) and the Ruskin utopian items owned and bound handsomely by Edith Rockefeller McCormick (#16).  Some books, too, have been “extra-illustrated” or augmented with often rare plates (engravings,  photographs), as in the 19th C. edition of Ovid (#28) and the Saint Mirin items (#77).  Others have been bound artfully, as in the Ruskin, by the Dove Bindery (#16) or in the 1831 Bury railroad plates, bound by the Donnelley Extra Bindery (#61).  Occasionally, as well, some books are of particular significance to the College and its constituencies, and thus here are considered notable: for example,  McCosh’s pioneering history of Scottish thought (#78), Kendall’s memoir of Maria Mitchell (#98) for whom a late 19th C. women’s residence hall was named (the predecessor of Lois Hall (1899), and Thompson’s recollections of the early days of the Onwentsia Club (#59). 

Acknowledgements  

Typically here sources for items are credited,  either for donations or for purchases.   But some donors, friends, and colleagues especially deserve expressions of appreciation for their active interest in the advancement of these collections.   Listed here chronologically in the order of the beginnings of their efforts, these persons include U.S. Senator Charles B. Farwell and his spouse Mary Evaline Smith Farwell and their alumni children and their spouses and descendants, William Bross and descendants, the Reid/Barnes family, John J. Halsey, Mabel Powell, Martha Biggs ‘28, Elliott Donnelley and his family, Everett D. Graff ’06, Clarice Walther Hamill, James R. and Betsy Getz, George and Mary Beach, Ruth Winter,  the R.D. Stuart family and descendants, Alice and Edwin N. Asmann ’27 and family, Eugene Hotchkiss III, James M. Wells, Samuel and Marie-Louise Rosenthal and family, Jeffrey Rigby, DeWitt and Lou O’Kieffe, J. Howard (’22) and Barbara Wood, Kenneth Nebenzahl, descendants of early trustee Byron Laflin Smith, John T. (Jr.) and Susan Dart McCutcheon, Alice Judson Hayes, Kim Coventry, Franz Schulze, James Cubit, Shirely M. Paddock, John Gruber, Phyllis and Arthur D. Dubin ASTP ’47, and Lisel and Paul Mueller. Too numerous to list here, unfortunately, are the names of former and present faculty, administrators, staff, and library personnel—including generations of gifted and dedicated student assistants—who generously have contributed books and talents.  But their sterling efforts and commitment are represented in these one hundred uncommon titles, high points of this remarkable library of notable books, this “growth of ages.” 

Special thanks are due to Amit Shrestha ’07 who during the summer of 2004 took photographs, wrote some of the entries (as noted, below),  and provided editorial assistance with intelligence, insight, technical acumen, patience, and kindness—exemplifying the most valuable contributions of generations of library student assistants in Special Collections.  Grateful thanks are due as well to Franz Schulze,  James M. Wells, and Rima Kuprys ’06 for reading preliminary drafts of this project and contributing their helpful comments.  Errors and omissions, of course, are the author’s entirely—missteps on his path to knowing better and more.  

Arthur H. Miller
Archivist and Librarian for Special Collections  

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BOOKS
Early Printed Books, Before 1600

1. Schedel, Hartmann.  Das Buch der Chroniken [Nuremberg Chronicle]. Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, 1493.  1809 woodcut illustrations (from 645 blocks) by Michael Wohlgemuth and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff. Large folio, bound in hand-tooled contemporary pigskin, with metal clasps; in a 20th C. buckram box. Goff S309, Printing and the Mind of Man 35.

Produced a generation after the first printed book was issued in Mainz, Germany by Johannes Gutenberg ca. 1455, this encyclopedic work was the first large-scaled publishing project, and the most heavily illustrated work of the era, with some woodcuts also attributed to the young Albrecht Dürer. Issued both in Latin and German, this copy in the latter tongue came from a German monastery. The library’s Chronicle was the subject of an Art Department seminar, which resulted in both an exhibit as well as a catalog: The Nuremberg Chronicle: Do Not Let This Book Escape You, 1986. Most recently this monumental volume was employed in Professor of Art Ann Roberts’s Prints class in 2003-04. Donor: Chicagoan Isaac Goldman, with the facilitation of the eminent bookseller Kenneth Nebenzahl, a North Shore resident.

2. Johannes de Lapide (ca. 1425-1496).  Resolutoriu[m] Dubioru[m] Circa Calebrat[I]onem Missaru[m] Occurentiu[m].  Strasbourg: Martin Flach, 1494.  Quarto, bound in early 20th C. quarter vellum, with an early printed page covering the boards. Goff J361.

Strasbourg was the city on the Rhine where Gutenberg had lived in political exile a decade prior to production in Mainz of his 1455 42-line Bible, which generally is considered the first printed book. A major printing as well as religious center, Strasbourg was home to several printers a half century after Gutenberg’s sojourn there.  Pamphlets originating north of the Alps and raising questions about the Catholic Mass in the early days of printing, such as this one by a humanist theologian, led up to the period of the Protestant Reformation especially in northwestern Europe.  There it was initiated by Martin Luther, a German, in the first half of the 16th C.  Purchase funded by Elliott Donnelley to acquire a notable book; from Hamill & Barker (Frances Hamill). 

3. Thucydides (ca. 460-ca. 404 BC).  [History of the Peloponnesian War, 5th C. B.C.].  Venice: Aldus Manutius, 1502. Bound in 20th C. vellum over boards.

This first printed edition of the first analytical, political, and psychological work of history and produced by the firm which invented modern scholarly printing indeed is a remarkable landmark book. The Athenian  historian Thucydides was a participant, exiled for twenty years after a military blunder, in the long war between Athens and Sparta, fought between 431 and 404 BC.  In his time away from Athens, he applied his great intellect to a review of the causes and personalities of the conflict. Though concerning a contemporary event, Thucydides’ substantial study, left incomplete after the end of his exile and his death, was a notably objective discussion. 

British cultural historian J.A. Symonds in his Renaissance in Italy (three volumes, 1875-86) considered Aldus (Teobaldo Mannucci, 1450-1515) “the greatest publisher who ever lived.”  The Aldine firm  introduced the appearance and scholarly approach of modern academic printed books, not much different than those on the general library shelves today. This is further exemplified in the library’s copy, from the late Mrs. Gordon Bent, of the long epic poem on the Romans’ Second Punic War (218-201 BC) by Tiberius Catus Silius Italicus (25/26–101), edited and published by Aldus’ family firm at Venice in 1523, after the printer’s 1515 death. Donor: the late William Odell, a Lake Forest resident, spouse of the late trustee Frances Odell and father of former assistant librarian Audrey Odell.    

4. Leto, Giulio Pomponio (1426-1497).  Opera Pomponii Laeti.  Romanae Historiae Compendium…  Strasbourg: Matthiæ Schürerij, 1510.  Bound with Valla, Lorenzo (1406-1457).  [De Elegantiis].  Strasbourg: M. Schurerij, 1512. Octavo restored, with a buckram box, by Jeffrey Rigby, New York.

These are two significant works by two notable Renaissance figures, who were able to serve both the Church and the new learning, as well.  The 1510-printed edition of the history of Rome by Laetus (Leto), the Renaissance founder of the Roman Academy, was bound together with Valla’s original and critically sophisticated  study of Latin grammar, style, and rhetoric. Valla was a key Italian humanist who went from criticizing the Church in Rome to being an apostolic secretary in the Vatican’s Curia, marking the acceptance of humanism over orthodoxy in mid 15th C. Rome.  Symonds reports that Valla “became the supreme authority on Latin style after the publication of his ‘Elegantia.’” These Italian humanist texts are presented  in medieval gothic style type, hand rubricated in color, with a medieval wood and half-leather binding, including one surviving full board with hooks for clasps.  Donor: Hobart C. Chatfield-Taylor, 1918, probably from the library of his just-deceased spouse, Rose (Farwell, Class of 1890), who studied bookbinding in Paris and had her own bindery in Chicago’s Fine Arts Building. The Chatfield-Taylors  are discussed and pictured in Schulze et al., 30 Miles North…, the College’s 2000-published history.  Restoration was supported on the Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund. 

5. Foresti, Jacobo Filippo de Bergamo (1434-1520).  Supplementum Supplementi Chronicarum: ab Ipso Mundi Exordio Usq[ue] ad Redemptoris Nostrae Annum MCCCCCX.  Venice: Georgi de Rusconibus, 1513. Folio, bound in quarter leather.

Another woodcut-illustrated, encyclopedic chronicle, this time up to 1510, included a medieval “T-O” map of the world, dating back to Isidor of Seville in the late 6th C. and in this reprinting oblivious of Columbus’ discoveries two decades earlier. The T in the O defined the three known continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa. Donor: the notable Chicago map and book dealer Kenneth Nebenzahl.

6. Biblia Hebraica. [Hebrew Bible].  Paris: Robert Estienne, 1546.  Books of Numbers, Deuteronomy, and Joshua/Judges in 1 small (duodecimo) vol., bound in gilt-tooled, decorated full red leather.

Books 4, 5, and 6 of a set of 17 issued by the leading French printer of the era.  Five years later, Robert, a Protestant, left Paris for Geneva, Switzerland, where he printed writings of Reformer John Calvin.  The book was carried out of Europe in the Nazi era, escaping the Holocaust. Today only a few surviving copies are reported in libraries.  Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from Rabbi Dresner, Deerfield, as part of a collection of Judaica acquired through the facilitation of Professor of Religion Ronald Miller. 

7. Bembo, Pietro (1470-1547).  Della Historia Vinitana. Venice: Gualtiero Scotto, 1552. Octavo, bound in contemporary vellum.

By a noted local native and churchman-scholar of the Renaissance period, Pietro Bembo, this history of Venice represents the strong Italian history coverage in the library’s Hamill collection. It is significant also for its unusual emblematic printer’s device, which was researched and reported in the literature by a former Technical Services Librarian, the late Joel M. Lee.  Originally published in the Library Quarterly in the early 1970s, Lee’s short article and the distinctive printer’s mark were reprinted in Printer’s Marks and Devices, ed. Howard Winger (Chicago: Caxton Club, 1976). Donor: From among some 6,500 volumes given by Lake Forest resident Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill (pictured in Coventry et al., Classic Country Estates…), from the library of her book collector spouse, Alfred E. Hamill (pictured in Miller and Paddock, Lake Forest…).

8. Alciati, Andrea.  Omnia Emblemata…. 4th ed. Antwerp: Christopher Plantin, 1581.  Octavo, bound in gilt-tooled full natural leather.

Andrea Alciati (1492-1550) was a legal scholar who is best remembered for his short moral, proverb-like sayings, his Emblemata. Influential for the next century and more, these first were published in 1531 and here are handsomely illustrated, to give graphic representations to the author’s iconographic, allegorical, and symbolic visions.  Plantin was a French born and trained printer/entrepreneur based  in Antwerp, who opened branches in Paris and Leyden, recalling Anton Koberger’s (#1) scale of operations a century earlier.  Donor: Professor of English Emerita Ann Hentz, from among a number of significant 16th and 17th C. volumes given by her.

9. Tasso, Torquato (1544-1595).  De Gerusalemme Conquistata.  Rome: Press of Guiglielmo Facciotti, 1593. Quarto, bound in contemporary vellum.

Tasso’s 1581-published epic poem of the first Crusade, known as Gerusalemme Liberata, a great work, was revised substantially and renamed for this edition, better to reflect the Counter-Reformation and anti-humanist scruples of the age.  It was dedicated to his patron, a cardinal and nephew of Pope Clement VIII. J.A. Symonds referred  to Tasso in two chapters as “the genius of that transition from the Renaissance to the Counter-Reformation”  and considered him one of the few masters of Italian literature—along with Petrarch, Dante, and Boccaccio—dominating his own era.   Between humanism and the Church, this text’s ambivalence is echoed in the physical book, which has both medieval and Renaissance characteristics.  Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from Kenneth Nebenzahl.

10. Plutarch (ca. 46-ca. 120).  The Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romanes….  Translated from French into English by Thomas North. London: Richard Field for Bonham Norton, 1595. Quarto, bound in 20th C. full leather.  (Trsrm. DE 7 .P53 1595)

The Renaissance generally came to England later, reaching a high point in the age of playwright William Shakespeare (1564-1616).  Tucker Brooke, in A Literary History of England, ed. Albert C. Baugh (1948), described Shakespeare’s “greatest debt” from among the classic translations on which he relied to “what stylistically is the greatest translation of all”, North’s rendering of Plutarch into English from a modern French version, first printed at London in 1579.  The Donnelley and Lee Plutarch printing came out prior to the Bard’s 1599 stage debut of Julius Caesar, where the action follows Plutarch’s biographical sketch of Marcus Brutus (85?-42 BC).  Special Collections also has other notable classic texts and English translations which scholars have linked to Shakespeare’s work,  among them Professor Ann Hentz’s copies of the Henry VIII-commissioned  history of England in Latin  (Basel, 1534) by Polydore Vergil (ca. 1470-ca. 1555), which in turn was a major source, along with classical texts, for  Raphael Holinshed’s Chronicle… (1577). Donor: the late Elliott Donnelley.

See also #s 21, 31, and 71.     

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Revival of Printing and Binding

11. [Baskerville, John (1706-1775)].  Novum Testamentum [Bible.  N.T. Greek].  Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1763. Royal quarto, bound in “full dark blue old blind stamped morocco [leather], gilt edges, rebacked.” 

Almost at the same time that Robert Adam (#72) was publishing his 1764 book documenting Diocletian’s ancient villa, fostering neo-classical architecture in England, type designer Baskerville was leading the way back from Baroque decorated (#21) and even highly-cluttered  (#81) illustrated title-pages  and debased typography to the austerity and taste of classic Greek and Roman letters, without images for the title-pages or illustrations and as seen in some of the best printers (Aldus, Estienne) before 1550. The library also has the Hamill copy of the octavo edition.  Purchase: funded by a bequest from Dewitt O’Kieffe, at a Leslie Hindman auction of O’Kieffe estate titles; previous owner, Charles C. Kalbfleisch (book plate), #672 in the catalog of the sale of his collection, January 10 and 11, 1944—the source of the description quote, above.

12. Anacreon (ca. 560 B.C.-ca. 478 B.C.).  Odes. Parma, Italy: Bodoni, 1785.  Poetry in Greek type, with the commentary in Latin.  Bound with Musaeus (late 5th C. B.C.?).  [Hero and Leander]. Greek.  Parma: Bodoni, 1793.  Large quarto, bound in full vellum over boards, with late 19th C. marbled endpapers; in a buckram clamshell box by Jeffrey Rigby. (Trsrm. PA3865 .A1 1785)

Anacreon, a Greek lyric poet from Teos in Ionia, wrote pleasing odes about love and convivial pursuits, providing a model—in subject and verse form—for later poets.  Anacreontic meter is short-short-long-short-long-short-long-long.  The story of Hero and Leander, told in verse, is a tragic love story, about the high priestess at the Temple of Venus and her lover, who regularly swam across the Hellespont to meet her, until he died in the effort.  These rare works show the crisp classicism of North Italian type designer and printer-publisher Giambattista Bodoni (1740-1813), which was inspired by Baskerville’s return to classic form.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill, her late spouse having written his own poetry on Anacreontic subjects and being a connoisseur of Greek lettering and types; armorial bookplate for a previous owner, W.C. Benett.  

13. Morris, William (1834-1896).  The Earthly Paradise. London: Kelmscott Press, 1896-98.  8 vols.  Quarto, edition of 235 quarto copies, bound in full vellum with cloth ties. 

The first volume of Morris’s 1868-70 verse cycle of tales was issued only a month after the press’s masterpiece, The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer. The Kelmscott Press, the last passion of the author-reformer (#36) against the shoddy mass-produced  goods of industrialization, created books that restored  medieval craft and style to printing.  Morris’s long verse narrative was a Chaucer-like group of Greek and medieval stories, and looked forward to a secular ideal of progress.  Donor: bequest of DeWitt O’Kieffe. 

14. Bible.  English.  London: Doves Press, 1903-05.  Hand-illuminated by Edward Johnston.  Folio, bound in vellum; restored and boxed (buckram) by the R. R. Donnelley & Sons Extra Bindery, under the guidance of Harold Tribolet.

With the Kelmscott Chaucer this ranks, according to Alan Thomas, as “one of the twin masterpieces of the revival movement and, in style, …is the less dated of the two….”  The highly simple design, in the vein of Baskerville, coupled with painstaking craftsmanship, makes this, according to Douglas McMurtrie, “a monument of dignity and restraint” by one of the first private presses established in the wake of Morris’s own, by his Kelmscott associate, Emery Walker, and T.J. Cobden-Sanderson.  The Bible’s Roman letters contrast with Kelmscott’s Gothic ones, finding their roots in ancient and renaissance, rather than medieval, models.  Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from The Newberry Library.

15. Lakeside Classics.  Chicago: R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company.  Vol. 1 (1903) annually to the present (through 2003, 101 vols.). Uniformly bound in gilt-tooled buckram by quarter centuries (1-25 dark green, 26-50 red, 51-75 blue, 76-100 brown, and 101-  light green).

This longest-running series of Americana began with Benjamin Franklin’s (# 42) Autobiography in 1903, and after 1911 developed as a series of engaging first-hand narratives relating to North America or by Americans.  Distributed at holiday time in December for customers, suppliers, employees, friends, and libraries, the volumes never have been for sale to the public. The series was created by then future Lake Forest resident T.E. Donnelley to show that excellent, simple printing in the mode of the Kelmscott and Doves presses could be accomplished on a mechanized, mass-production basis, by apprentices and company volunteers.

A complementary title in Special Collections is The Art of the People by William Morris (#s 13, 36), published by Chicagoan Ralph Fletcher Seymour in Kelmscott Press style, November 1902 (Inland Printers 2): “…the art we are striving for is a good thing which all can share, which will elevate all” (p. 25). Seymour, who also designed the type and decorations, presented one of the 225 copies to Donnelley. Donor: for the Classics, R. R. Donnelley & Sons Company; for The Art of the People, Clarissa (Mrs. Charles) Haffner. She was the daughter of T.E. Donnelley, sister of late College trustee Elliott Donnelley, and mother of current trustee Chris Chandler.

16. [Doves Bindery]  Ruskin, John (1819-1900).  General Statement Explaining…the  St. George’s Guild [and the Master’s Reports for 1884 and 1885].  Sunnyside, Orpington, Kent, UK: George Allen, 1882, 1884, 1885.  Bound together in one gilt-tooled full leather quarto vol. by the Doves Bindery (1908), in a leather solander case by Riviere & Son.

This essay on his utopian, anti-capitalist and anti-modern experiment and two related reports by art and social critic John Ruskin (1819-1900) were bound together in one volume for Edith Rockefeller McCormick, whose bookplate can be seen on the inside front cover.  This delicate work was done while McCormick’s Lake Forest splendid Italian residence, now demolished, Villa Turicum, designed by Charles A. Platt, was under construction, and during the muckraker build-up to the 1911 dismemberment of her father’s—John D. Rockefeller’s—Standard Oil trust. Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from the Book Block, Greenwich, CT.

17. Browning, Elizabeth Barrett.   Sonnets From the Portuguese.  Montagnola, Italy: Officina Bodoni, 1925.  One of 220 quarto copies on hand-made paper, bound in vellum. 

This  high point of Victorian love poetry, noted for its romantic character, is set off by the austere, classic design of Giovanni Mardersteig’s handsome book, in the manner of Cobden-Sanderson.  The creative tension between form and content is palpable. The Officina Bodoni represents the best of the continental revival of printing in the era following Morris and Cobden-Sanderson (#14). Donor: bequest of James R. Getz.

18. Alighieri, Dante (1265-1321).  …The Comedy of Dante Alighieri of Florence Called the Divine Comedy; a Line-for-Line Translation in the Rime-form of the Original.   Trans. Melville Best Anderson.  3 vols.  San Francisco: John Henry Nash, 1929; with v. 4. Melville Best Anderson, The Florence of Dante Alighieri, The Dante of All the World. Folio, bound in gilt-tooled vellum over boards, in cloth sleeves.  Copy 223 of 230 for sale, of 250 printed.  

Roots of the coming Renaissance in Italy can be traced  back to Dante’s landmark allegorical long poem in Italian, the Divine Comedy, which also sums up the medieval, church-centered world view.  Hellmut Lehmann-Haupt referred to the printer, Nash, as “the pioneer and dean of modern fine printing in California”, where the critic found a “real school of fine book-making.”  Another acolyte of Cobden-Sanderson, the Canadian-born Nash (1871-1947) brought the heady air of the Renaissance in the Tuscan hills to the Bay area for this most monumental work of his press.  A fitting complement in the library’s collection is Franz von Bayros’s Sixty Illustrations to Dante’s Divine Comedy (1926).  Donor: bequest of DeWitt O’Kieffe. 

19. Hamill, Clarice.  Mexican Bouquet.  Lake Forest: Pocahontas Press, 1946.  [With thirty-nine illustrations hand colored by the author.]  205 copies designed by Suzette Hamill and printed by George Domke. Duodecimo, bound in gilt-stamped green buckram. Inland Printers 70

Alfred and Clarice Hamill of Lake Forest were frequent visitors to Mexico, knowing the land and its culture well.  Alfred was a book collector and had his own Mexican book collection book plate designed, using his usual centaur motif, but a skeleton in this case, a reference to the Day of the Dead (# 65).  Suzette Morton Hamill was their daughter-in-law, and proprietress of the Pocahontas Press, a notable Chicago-area private press of the day. Mrs. Hamill painstakingly hand-painted the jewel-like illustrations in each copy and one recipient recalls waiting almost a year for her to get around to finishing his copy.  Donors: the library owns three copies of this book—from Phoebe Bentley, one of Mrs. Hamill’s Lake Forest Garden Club friends; from the classic designer/publisher Suzette Morton; and from Edwin Asmann ’27, originally from the Lake Forest Library.  

20. Bewick, Thomas, James M. Wells and R. Hunter Middleton.  A Portfolio of Thomas Bewick Wood Engravings.  Introduction by James M. Wells.  Chicago: The Newberry Library for the Cherryburn Press, 1970. 1 quarto vol. and two portfolios (100 prints in all), large quarto size, in a paper-covered slip-case. 150 copies.

Bewick (1753-1828), from the north of England, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica “was a brilliant technical innovator” as a printer and artist, who “rediscovered”  Renaissance wood engraving to create prints, from his own water color studies.  After a shipload of 1,300 early 19th C. Bewick wood blocks—the bulk of the artist’s work, crossed the Atlantic from Britain to Chicago safely in World War II, type designer Bob Middleton acquired  a number of them (after about half were acquired by the Newberry from the locl book dealer, Ben Abramson). Soon Middleton began his avocational career as the modern re-discoverer, in turn, of Bewick’s wood engraving art.  He accomplished this, as Wells describes it, through careful printing of the interiors of the carved areas of the engraved blocks.  This library also has one of the Bewick cherrywood vignette blocks from Middleton, with fifty sheets printed by him and the printer’s make-ready for reaching the block interior’s details.  Purchase: Portfoilio and block both on the Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from the late Everett Sentman, a Lake Forest resident.  

See also #s 28-29, 34, 49, 60-61, 69, 71, 79, 82 and 84.

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Art and Illustration

21. Scultori, Adamo (ca. 1530-1587).  Michael Angelus Bonarotus Pinxit/Adam Sculptor Mantuanus.  Rome?: ca. 1580.  73 engravings, rebound on large quarto paper, in buckram.

A Renaissance-era effort to disseminate by prints the art of Michelangelo, master artist of the Sistine Chapel ceiling and other works.  American art historian Bernard Berenson judged Michelangelo the first Renaissance artist to achieve, through his painting, the level of Greek sculpture in the study of the nude human form.  For the front cover this little booklet the cartouche or frame from the Scultori’s title-page has been reproduced.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill.     

22. Gilpin, William (1724-1804).  Three Essays: On Picturesque Beauty; On Picturesque Travel; and on Sketching Landscape: To Which is Added a Poem, On Landscape Painting. Second edition. London: R. Balmire, 1794.  Illus. with 7 plates, colored and with some of them folding.  Bound with William Gilpin.  An Essay on Prints.  Fifth edition.  London: T. Cadell and W. Davis, 1802.  Quarto, bound in contemporary gilt-tooled full leather, with a restored spine.

Gilpin was the true pioneer of the picturesque—wild, natural sights vs. controlled, landscaped beauty—something Uvedale Price later would develop theoretically.  During the continental wars of the period wild British scenery was rediscovered by the Rev. Gilpin’s public.  His water colors, seen in these 7 folding plates, later influenced the landscape gardener Humphrey Repton.  His popular book on appreciation of prints is related, as he encouraged tourists to view scenery as they would the art of prints. Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund, from Titles, Inc. (Florence Shay), Highland Park.      

23. Novelli, Francesco (1764-1836).   Disegni del Mantegna.  Venice, 1795.  Folio, bound in contemporary green paper-covered boards. 

As determined by Technical Services Librarian Eileen Karsten, research in the last few decades has determined that Novelli’s engravings were based on drawings by Marco Zoppo (1432/33-78) of Padua, rather than on work by Mantegna.  The subjects of some of the images remain an issue ( according to scholars, perhaps created  to illustrate Ovid’s Metamorphoses [see #28 just below] and a few possibly homoerotic in character), though there are some notable Madonna and Child scenes.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill, from her late spouse’s library; previously from the collection of Baron Edmond de Rothschild.

24. [Rowlandson, Thomas, 1756-1827].  Combe, William.  The Tour of Doctor Syntax in Search of the Picturesque.  …Consolation.  …a Wife. London: Ackerman, 1812, 1820, and 1821, respectively. 3 vols. Quarto bound uniformly in tan full leather boards, tooled in gold, red and green. Tooley 427, 428, 429. 

Rowlandson was England’s greatest caricaturist and one of its greatest artists, according to Alan Thomas.  This fine draftsman was talented but undisciplined, and the highly-successful German-immigrant print publisher and seller Rudolf Ackerman (1764-1834) harnessed Rowlandson’s talents and turned them to prints, to his Repository of the Arts periodical, and eventually to a series of Doctor Syntax books with texts written by William Combe, illustrated with Rowlandson’s art.  The first title pokes fun of the English vogue in the previous decades for wild, natural landscapes —perhaps especially at the earnest Rev. Gilpin (#22).  Donor: Edwin N. Asmann ’27.

25. Martial Achievements of Great Britain and Her Allies, From 1799 to 1815.  London: J.S. Jenkins, [1815].  Folio, with 53 hand-colored aquatints; bound in full, gilt-tooled red leather, with marbled endpapers, by Baynton (Riviere, Bath, England), with a modern red buckram slipcase. Tooley 281.

Dedicated to the Duke of Wellington, who at Waterloo in 1815 ended Britain’s two decade-long struggle with France’s Napoleon. The battlefield scenes of these prints were of the style which persisted through the American Civil War, 1861-65, with its lithographed Currier & Ives views. These striking and vivid images are superb examples from the high period of English colored prints.  Donor: the late James Patterson, from the library of his father, Joseph Medill Patterson (#38).   

26. Maund, Benjamin (1790-1863).  Botanic Garden, Consisting of Highly Finished Representations of Hardy Ornamental Flowering Plants, Cultivated in Britain….  London: Simpkin & Marshall, 1825- vols. 1-5. Quarto, bound in quarter leather with marbled paper-covered boards.

Color illustrated books were in vogue in early 19th C. Britain, as was the proliferation of plants coming to the country from other lands.  The beginning volumes of one of the series of such illustrative botanic periodicals is the example here. Donor: Edwin Asmann ’27, formerly from the collections of Lake Forest residents Ellen Thorne and Hermon Dunlap Smith and from the library of Lane Seminary, Cincinnati (#35).             

27. Loudon, John Claudius (1783-1843).  Arboretum et Fruticetium Britannicum; or The Trees and Shrubs of Britain, Native and Foreign, Hardy and Half-Hardy, Pictorially and Botannically Delineated, and Scientifically and Popularly Described,….  Second edition.  London: Henry G. Bohn, 1854.  8 vols. (vol. 8 plates).  Bound in publisher’s stamped cloth.

Regency England’s most influential horticultural journalist, Loudon was trained in horticulture and landscape gardening.  His 1838-published work on trees, here represented in its second London edition, was his major work.  With his interest in exotic plants as botanical specimens, he promulgated the idea of the “gardenesque” approach to landscape, with the focus on the particular rather than the whole. A related work in Special Collections is North American Sylva by F. Andrew Michaux (Philadelphia : Rice, Rutter, 1865), 3 vols. with colored engravings, from the James R. Getz bequest. Donor: campus neighbor and trustee Harvey M. Thompson, to the institution prior to 1876 (when the college-level program was re-established), one of the earliest surviving library holdings.     

28. [Ovid] Publius Ovidus Naso (43 BC-17 AD).  The Metamorphoses, Translated in English Blank Verse by Henry King.  Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1871.  4 vols.  Octavo, extra-illustrated with plates from three earlier editions; bound by Ringer in green, gilt-tooled full leather.

Extra-illustrated books were a print-collecting vogue of the late 19th C. Little discussed through much of the 20th C. by bookmen who abhorred the break-up of earlier books, nonetheless they can be treasure troves of uncommon illustrations. The library holds several such works. In this case the three editions whose plates are incorporated in this at-that-time current one-volume text are those of Augsburg, 1681, Madrid 1805, and another perhaps being Dutch early 18th C., but not yet identified—the two which are known appearing to be quite rare.  The distinguished Augustan poet’s 11,000 line verse narrative told of ancient legends and tales of remarkable transformations and changes—a major source for later poets, including Chaucer and Shakespeare.  Donor: Lake Forest Library (town), from a donation by Alfred E. Hamill, with his bookplate. 

29. Clarence Buckingham Collection  of Japanese Prints: The Primitives.  Catalogue by Helen C. Gunsaulus.  Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1955.  Number 52 of 500 copies, designed by Suzette Morton Zurcher.  Large folio, bound in publisher’s terra cotta buckram, with a matching buckram slipcase. Inland Printers p. 36.

Buckingham began collecting Japanese prints after the 1893 World’s Fair in Chicago, where the Japanese pavilion on the Wooded Isle had impressed many Chicagoans, including Frank Lloyd Wright.  At the time of publication the Art Institute could claim to have one of the best such collections of primitive Japanese prints in the world, rivaled only by Boston’s Museum of Fine Arts.  The large-scaled  catalogue, designed by a neighbor and friend of the College (# 19), was printed at the Anthoesen Press, Portland, Maine, with the plates crafted at the Meridan Gravure Company, Meridan, CT.  Donors: Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Woods, campus neighbors; the late Mr. Woods was a former Art Institute of Chicago board chair.    

30. Sheridan, Sonia, compiler.  Screen Prints 1970.  Chicago: School of the Art Institute and Advance Screen Company, 1970.  Folio edition of 180 sets of 75 prints.

In an era of great social and political change, 74 young artists around the School of the Art Institute collaborated on a collection of limited edition prints, diverse in subject and approach, with some of the artists being mentioned in Professor Emeritus of Art Franz Schulze’s 1972 book on recent Chicago art, Fantastic Images.  One highlight in the collection is Ed Paschke’s “Untitled”—a pop portrait of Frank Sinatra.  Donor: The late Lake Forest resident Richard Templeton, a former Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, board chair.  

See also #s 1, 8, 13, 18-20, 41, 43, 45, 49, 51, 56, 61, 64-65, 67-75, 77, 80-86, 88-89, 92, and 94.  

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Literature

31. Ronsard, Pierre de (1524-1585).  Oeuvres Completes….  With corrections and additions.  Paris: 1584.  Folio, bound in contemporary full natural leather.

Perhaps never since has a French literary figure dominated his age as did the Renaissance poet Ronsard. The library’s hefty edition of his complete works, his fourth during his lifetime, was published shortly before his death, and with many changes and new material.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill. 

32. The Spectator.  London.  Nos. 1 to 193 (March 1 to September 29, 1711). Original large quarto issues, rebound in quarter buckram and marbleized paper boards, with a buckram box, by Jeffrey Rigby, New York.

Richard Steele’s second periodical, The Spectator, followed the Tatler of 1709, and was a vehicle for the brilliant essayist Joseph Addison.  The Spectator, with its frank discussions of cultural and social topics and its barbed wit, set the model for modern periodicals, such as today’s New Yorker.  Reprinted and anthologized frequently over the next two and half centuries, this grouping of original issues bound together is all the more arresting as a cultural artifact. Donor: the late Mrs. Gordon Bent, a Lake Forest resident, from the library of her father, Detroit-area collector Sidney Miller. 

33. Dana, Richard Henry.  Two Years Before the Mast, a Personal Narrative of Life at Sea.  The Family Library No. CVL [106].  New York: Harper & Brothers, 1840.  Duodecimo; first edition, first issue (The advertisements, rear cover, stop at 105, the letter I in in the year of the copyright notice is dotted, and the headline on p. 9 is “perfect.”).  In half-morocco protective slip case. Zamorano 26, Grolier 100 #46, Howes D49 and Graff 998. (Call number Treas. Rm. G 540 .D2 1840)

In U.S.iana (1962) the legendary Americana bibliographer and Chicagoan Wright Howes observed that “this account of California in 1835 and 1836 surpassed in popularity all other books relating to that state.”  In addition, the author claimed that his was the first description of the life of common seamen from within, by one who had shipped as a part of crew, rather than as either an officer or passenger. Melville soon would employ this seaman’s point of view in his sea novels, including Typee (1846) and Moby-Dick (#34). Donor: Mrs. DeWitt O’Kieffe, from the library of her late spouse.

34. Melville, Herman (1819-1891).  Moby-Dick, or The Whale.  New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851.  First American edition, after the London appearance of The Whale.  Octavo, bound in publisher’s stamped red cloth, restored and in a buckram box by Jeffrey Rigby, New York. Grolier 100 #60, Tanselle 2.

Through most of the 20th C. America’s most significant novel, Moby-Dick incorporated many contemporary themes into an epic clash of man with nature, in the figure of the great white whale, Moby-Dick. The 1851 novel was a commercial failure during the author’s lifetime; the library also has a copy of the book’s very small fourth printing of 1871—two decades before Melville’s death.  Moby-Dick’s iconic status by 1930 was solidified by the Lakeside Press three-volume limited edition, illustrated by Rockwell Kent.  This title represents here the library’s collection of important first, standard and limited editions of classic U.S. authors of fiction, including the first edition, first issue of Samuel Clemens’ (Mark Twain’s) Huckleberry Finn and the New York edition of the novels of Henry James. Donor: Assistant librarian Emerita Joann Lee (Schaffer), 1984, after having retrieved it years earlier when it was weeded from the library collection; formerly of the library of first career faculty member John J. Halsey; restored on the Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund.   

35. Stowe, Harriet Beecher (1811-1896).  Uncle Tom’s Cabin….  Boston and Cleveland: John P. Jewett & Company; Jewett, Proctor & Worthington, 1852.  2 vols.; v. 2 the fortieth thousand.  bound in publisher’s stamped cloth. Grolier 100 #61, Printing and The Mind of Man 519, Blanck 19343. 

This novel of the hardships of slaves and their harrowing escape generally is considered to be among the causes of anti-slavery fervor which led to the American Civil War, 1861-65, and, thus, to Chicago’s position as gateway to the West.  Mrs. Stowe was the daughter of latter-day Puritan divine Lyman Beecher, of Lane Seminary in Cincinnati, where Lake Forest founder the Rev. R.W. Patterson was his favorite pupil in the late 1830s. At that time, too, Prof. and Mrs. Stowe also were a faculty family, as was Lake Forest’s founding Dickinson family.  Roxana Beecher, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s niece, was Lake Forest’s first public school teacher, 1860-63, in a racially integrated school.  Donor: the late Mrs. Louis E. (June) Laflin, Jr., a Lake Forest resident, from the library of her late spouse’s New-England-descendant pioneer Chicago family.      

36. Oxford and Cambridge Magazine.  London: 1856-57.  Quarto, bound in dark blue, gilt-tooled  full leather, with gilded fore-edges.

This was an undergraduate periodical conducted by the young William Morris and the young Edward Burne-Jones, who followed the teachings of critic John Ruskin (#16). The pair would collaborate over their careers to revolutionize  taste in Britain and the western world to oppose the shoddy products and inhumanity of industrialization, with its mass production and to embrace anti-modern medievalism and uniquely crafted art and decorative objects. (See above #s 13 and 15.)  Donor: Phoebe Norcross (Mrs. Richard) Bentley. 

37. Cather, Willa (1873-1947).  The Troll Garden.  New York: McClure Phillips, 1905.  First edition, first issue.  Octavo, bound in publisher’s pressed boards, in a purple leather solander case.

Midwestern novelist Willa Cather’s first work of prose fiction, several stories assembled under the title of The Troll Garden, helped the teacher/author to gain the position of managing editor at McClure’s, the leading muckraking periodical based in New York.  This, in turn, gave her the opportunity to write her first novel, Alexander’s Bridge (1912), and, from then on, to devote herself to her writing. Two of the stories in The Troll Garden (“The Sculptor’s Funeral” and “Paul’s Case”) in recent scholarship have been seen as dealing with gay/lesbian subjects.  Donor: Mrs. George R. (Mary) Beach, Jr., from among her gift of significant books from former trustee chair Beach, including his extensive collection of Cather first editions.       

38. Patterson, Joseph Medill (1879-1946).  Confessions of a Drone, Marshall Field’s Will, and the Socialist Machine.  Pocket Library of Socialism, no. 45.  Chicago: Charles H. Kerr & Company, n.d. [ca. 1907].  Duodecimo paperback pamphlet.

Republished from periodical appearances (respectively, The Independent, Collier’s, and The Saturday Evening Post), these views by the privileged grandson of Chicago Tribune publisher Joseph Medill and Lake Forest founder the Rev. R.W. Patterson reflected the young Yale graduate’s criticism of capitalism and inherited wealth and his infatuation with the Socialist Party.  While he soon abandoned his political affiliation, he remained a lifelong critic of elite foibles and voice for the common man. For the next decade he wrote fiction and plays, with critic H.L. Mencken including him in his 1917 essay on the Chicago Literary Renaissance. After 1910 Patterson also shared publishing responsibilities for the Tribune and in 1919 founded for the Tribune Company the New York Daily News, the country’s first tabloid and best-selling paper during most of the 20th C.  His personal and News papers are in Special Collections, the gift of his late son, James, and his spouse, Dorothy, Patterson.  Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund.

39. Yezierska, Anzia (1885? –1970).  Salome of the Tenements.  New York: Boni & Liveright, 1923.  First edition. Octavo bound in color-decorated publisher’s cloth.

The author arrived in New York from Russia in 1901.  Her tales and novels, beginning in 1920, described the hard life in the city’s sweatshops for women garment workers and in the Jewish immigrant ghetto.  Salome... was the first of four novels, following her 1920 collection of tales, Hungry Hearts.  Also published in 1920 was F. Scott Fitzgerald’s This Side of Paradise, the New York area subjects of which contrast strikingly with those of this author.  Yezierska’s work was introduced into American Studies course work by Professor of History Emeritus Arthur Zilversmit in the 1970s.  Purchase: George R. Beach, Jr. Fund.       

40. Davis, Frank Marshall (1905 – 1987).  47th Street: Poems.  Prairie City, Illinois: the Decker Press, 1948. Octavo, bound in buckram with a photograph, apparently by the author, on the dust-jacket.  

Davis, executive editor of the American Negro Press and of the Chicago Star, wrote these poems about the heart of the African-American South Side of Chicago.  The area then was in the midst of the diaspora of southern sharecroppers following the 1944 invention of the cotton picking machine.  In his poem “To Those Who Sing America” he chides flag wavers who sing “My country! ’Tis of Thee” and leave out the disenfranchised and poor minority Americans. Davis’s career as an outspoken literary activist soon ended, with the onset of the politically reactionary McCarthy era. His powerful work was re-discovered by the next generation. It can be seen, though, as having contributed to the Chicago literary scene, which in 1949 yielded up the decade-younger Gwendolyn Brooks’ volume of poems, Annie Allen.  This book in 1950 won for Brooks the first Pulitzer Prize granted to an African-American.   Donor: Jeremy T. Mosey, son of the late Ellen Mosey, College public relations director from the 1950s to the early 1970s, to whom this copy was presented and signed by the author on September 21, 1948.

See also #s 4, 8-10, 12-13, 15, 17-18, 22. 24. 28. 50, 53, 55, 58-60, 69, 79, 88-90, and 97.

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Americana

41. Hennepin, Louis.  A New Discovery of a Vast Country in America… With a Description of the Great Lakes….  London: Henry Bonwicke, 1699.  2 octavo vols. in 1; 2 maps and 7 plates (incl. frontispiece).  Rebound in full leather. Howes H416.

Bibliographer of Americana Wright Howes (U.S.iana, 1962) referred to Hennepin as that “rascally friar” who wrote the first volume of this work, initially published in Paris in 1683, a “fairly reliable  account”  of his voyage up the Mississippi from Illinois to the falls of St. Anthony, and using for the first time the appellation “Louisiana”.  But the second book, first published in Utrecht in 1697, was fabricated, earning for its author Howes’s displeasure.  Hennepin’s account represents the French era in the western Great Lakes, from the 1630s to the 1760s, after which control was ceded to Britain.  The state of French knowledge of the western hemisphere in general and of the Great Lakes in particular is illustrated in L’Amerique en Plvsiers Cartes… by Nicholas Sanson d’Abbeville (1600-1667), published in Paris in 1657.  It includes the first map to show five Great Lakes, with the south end of Lake Michigan left open for the French explorers of the 1670s and 1680s.  The Donnelley and Lee Hennepin copy is complete in this rare edition, following the best “Tonson” issue of 1698, the first year it was translated into English. Donors: for Henepin, bequest of James R. Getz; for Sanson d’Abbeville’s 1657 atlas, Edwin N. Asmann ’27, a former owner being being Lake Forest resident collector Hermon Dunlap Smith.   

42. [Franklin, Benjamin]. Care, Henry (1646 –1688). English Liberties, or The Free-born Subject’s Inheritance. 5th Edition.  Boston: Printed by J. Franklin, for N. Buttolph, B. Eliot, and D. Henchman, 1721.  Rebound in full leather, washed and de-acidified, with a buckram clamshell box, all by Jeffrey Rigby, New York. Evans 2208. 

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), as a young man in his mid-teens, was an apprentice in his brother James’s Boston printing shop when this 288-page reprinting of standard texts on the rights of English citizens was produced there: the type set by hand, letter by letter, printed by hand on a press, etc.  Included were the Magna Carta, the basic 13th C. source of English non-royal authority and the Habeas Corpus Act, along with much more relating to the precedents in history and law for limitations on royal power, through the English Civil War of the previous century.  Six and one half decades later Franklin helped frame the U.S. Constitution. Donor: Chicago Historical Society; previously from the American Antiquarian Society. Restoration on the Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund.

43. Imlay, Gilbert. A Topographical Description of the Western Territory….  London: J. Debrett, 1797.  Third edition.  Quarto, bound later in full tooled black leather, with a gilt-tooled spine; 4 maps and plans. Howes I12, Graff 2091. 

According to Howes, this work of Imlay’s, in this final “best” 1797 edition, included many original narratives, with the full works of Filson and Hutchins.  At the end of the 18th C. it gave the best information on the trans-Allegheny region.  Newly made U.S. territory by the 1780s end of the American Revolution, the midwest was coveted still by Britain, leading to the War of 1812.  The folding map opposite the title-page shows a mountain range running diagonally across Illinois, west of the Chicago River, which should be of interest to prospective students from Colorado.  Donor: the bequest of James R. Getz.   

44. [Revere, Paul].  “Col. Revere’s Letter to the Corresponding Secretary.”  In Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vol. 5, no. 2 (1798), 106-112.  Protected in a blue buckram slipcase.

In this copy, transferred from the Chicago Historical Society in the mid 1980s, is an exhibit label: “The first authentic account of Paul Revere’s ride published in this letter….”  Early in Revere’s narrative, dated January 1, 1798, he comments on the concerns about British troops’ movements to suppress colonists’ efforts to prepare for confrontation. Worried that a quick move would catch the colonists off guard, a small group decided on a signal: “…if the British went out by water, we would shew [sic] two lanterns in the north church steeple; and if by land, one, as a signal;…” (107).  This plan was immortalized two thirds of a century later in New England and New-England-diaspora mythology by Henry W. Longfellow’s poem “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere.”  Donor: Chicago Historical Society, from the library of Lake Forest resident Charles B. Pike.

45. Gass, Patrick (1771-1870).  A Journal of the Voyages and Travels of a Corps of Discovery Under the Command of Captain Lewis and Captain Clarke, from the Mouth of the River Missouri, through the Interior Parts of North America, to the Pacific Ocean; During the Years 1804, 1805, & 1806.  By…., One of the Persons Employed in the Expedition.  London: Printed for J. Budd, 1808. Octavo, bound in quarter leather. Howes G77, Graff 1517.

This is the first London edition of Gass’s first Pittsburgh edition of 1807.  According to Wright Howes, this is the “earliest full first-hand narrative of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, preceding the official account seven years.”  The English preface stresses that Gass was not in authority and therefore this can be taken as a more reliable account of the real state of the country described than would be an official account, motivated by self interest, which is “generally prevalent in America.”  Special Collections also has the Getz copy of History of the Expedition Under the Captains Lewis and Clark… (Phila, 1814), 2 vols., the first edition of the official report, which Howes considered most rare (Grolier 100 #30, Howes L317, and Graff 2777). Added to vol. I of this copy is the London 1814 large fold-out map by William Clark. Donor: for all, the bequest of James R. Getz.

46. Homes of American Statesmen: with Anecdotal, Personal, and Descriptive Sketches by Various Writers.  New York: G. P. Putnam, 1854. Bound in stamped full leather. Sabin 32741.

This volume includes as its frontispiece, opposite the title-page, a photographic view of John Hancock’s residence in Boston labeled in pencil “Hancock House, Boston, an original sun picture.”  Next to the image there is a seal or embossed stamp of the pioneer Boston photographer, John Adams Whipple (1822 – 1891).  This is thought to be the first photograph to appear in an American book publication.  Donor: Chicago Historical Society, from a 1909 gift of Julius Frankel.

47. McGlashan, Charles F.  History of the Donner Party: a Tragedy of the Sierras.  Truckee, CA: Crowley & McGlashan, 1879. Bound in original red stamped publisher’s cloth-covered boards, boxed by the Extra Bindery of the Lakeside Press [R.R. Donnelley], Chicago.  Zamorano 53, Howes M102, and Graff 2610.

This is the “best account of the most harrowing of all overland disasters,” according to bibliographer Wright Howes. A band of 1846 overland emigrants from the East to California late in the season got snowed in crossing the Sierra mountains of east central California.  Stuck for the winter, in the end the survivors resorted to cannibalism.  The author had access to hundreds of letters and manuscripts from survivors and he interviewed some of the key actors in the incident.  Donor: Mrs. DeWitt O’Kieffe, from the library of her late spouse. 

48. Jackson, Helen Hunt.  Century of Dishonor.  New York: Harper and Brothers, 1881. First edition. Ramona. First edition. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1884. Publishers’ buckram-covered boards; the latter in a box by the Lakeside Press Extra Bindery. Zamorano 46 and Blanck 10444, 10456. 

These two books were this New England born immigrant to the West’s two most important works, the former a study of the abuses and inadequacies of the system for the care of Native Americans and the latter, a novel on the same subject, considered “the Uncle Tom’s Cabin [#35] of California.”  Sources: respectively, purchase on the Everett Graff ‘06 Fund and gift of Mrs. DeWitt O’Kieffe, from her late spouse’s library. 

49. Powell, H.M.T.  The Santa Fe Trail to California 1849-52, the Journal and Drawings of H.M.T. Powell.  San Francisco: Book Club of California, [1931]. Folio, printed by the Grabhorn Press; one of fifteen out of 300 copies hand-colored by E. and R. Grabhorn; including one drawing from the Powell’s original scrapbook, as noted in handwriting and signed by E. Grabhorn on the back of the drawing; bound in full, gilt-tooled leather, in a buckram box. Howes P525, Graff 3334.

Western overland narratives have been much sought after by collectors and historians (see above # 47 McGlashan, The History of the Donner Party…, 1879, and # 62 below Reid, John C., Reid’s Tramp…, 1858), as records of the migrations across the plains in the mid-19th C. and as observations on the state of the natural and built environment and of the people. (See an article by Everett Graff ’06 in The Westerners’ Brand Book, Chicago, 1944.) Powell’s narrative was first printed in this very respectful format in 1931, by the Grabhorns, mid-century fine printers beginning late in the era of John Henry Nash (# 18).  Donor: bequest of DeWitt O’Kieffe.

50. “Unwise and Untimely”? A Letter from Eight Alabama Clergymen to Martin Luther King Jr. and His Reply to Them on Order and Common Sense, the Law and Justice, Nonviolence and Love.  Nyack, NY: Fellowship of Reconciliation, [1964].  Pamphlet, saddle-stitched.  (Trsm. E 135.61 .K535 1964)

The events of the Civil Rights Movement, from April to August of 1963, were momentous ones—from the jailing  of Dr. King in Birmingham, AL early that year to the March on Washington in August, which culminated in the now-famous “I Have A Dream” speech of Dr. King’s.  This pamphlet contains, first, both the Birmingham ministers’ letter to King in jail, on April 12, and also King’s response to their letter. Dr. King’s April 16 reply to the eight ministers’ letter, which had urged him not to rock the boat in Birmingham, is a classic example of a persuasive argument and recalling the great speeches of the Ancients.  Also included in this pamphlet is King’s largely extemporaneous Washington, DC speech, in front of the Lincoln Memorial. Source: transferred from a Reference Dept. vertical file; now one of only a few reported surviving copies.

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Illinois, Chicago, and Lake Forest

51. Charlevoix, P. Francois-Xavier.  Journal of a Voyage to North-America…. London: R. and J. Dodsley, 1761.  2 vols., complete with half-titles and folding map. Octavo, rebound in quarter leather. Howes C308, Graff 651.

This is the first English edition of what Wright Howes considered “the principal work of this great Jesuit traveler and historian and the pre-eminent authority on the French period in the west.”  It was published in the midst of the French and Indian Wars of 1757-63, with the French ending up ceding their territories south of the St. Lawrence and the Great Lakes to the English, opening up a new chapter in the history of this rich midwestern region.  It gives an insightful account of French Illinois on the eve of its loss to the British.  Donor: bequest of James R. Getz; purchased from Wright Howes by F.H. Taylor in 1944, it also shows the bookplate of George Terry Buckingham. 

52. Report of the Committee on the Public Lands, on the Petition of Sundry Inhabitants of the Illinois Territory, December 28, 1812.  Washington: A. & C. Way, printers, 1812.  Quarto pamphlet, in a buckram folding box. Shaw-Shoemaker 27331.

The 19th C. began with pressure building up to allow European-American settlers from the east coast to obtain lands in the West.  The year 1812 saw the U.S. embark on a war with Great Britain to assert American rights; British interests were still active in the Great Lakes and in adjacent areas.  Native Americans were considered the owners of the land, in law and in fact, as the Fort Dearborn Massacre of that year at Chicago upheld.  Illinois obtained statehood in 1818.  Donor: the late Mrs. Gordon Bent of Lake Forest, in a group of early Northwest Territory pamphlets from the library of her father, Michigan collector Sidney Miller.

53. [Black Hawk, Sauk Chief, 1767-1838.]  Patterson, J.B., editor.  Life of …Black Hawk… Dictated by Himself.  Cincinnati, 1833.  Octavo, in publisher’s original boards. Howes P120, Graff 313.

When Chief Black Hawk refused to leave his old hunting grounds, according to a deal made by another chief of his Sak tribe with the U.S. government, his trek across Illinois caused  an uproar, known as the Black Hawk War of 1832.  After the old Chief agreed to his new trans-Mississippi home, another treaty settled that all Native Americans would leave Illinois no later than 1836.  This pacification and removal led to the meteoric rise of east coast and immigrant settled Chicago almost immediately and to work beginning on the Illinois & Michigan Canal to link Lake Michigan to the Mississippi River system. In 1840 the European-American settlement at Chicago had less than 10,000 persons, but the town’s population by 1850 was almost 30,000 and by 1890 one million. Black Hawk’s story is a glimpse at the simple, nomadic life in the state, at the moment its frontier period ended.  Donor: bequest of James R. Getz.  

54. Norris, J[ames] W.  General Directory and Business Advertiser of the City of Chicago, for the Year 1844; together with a Historical Sketch and Statistical  Account, to the Present Time.  Chicago: Ellis & Fergus, 1844.  Octavo, in stamped publisher’s cloth. Byrd 866.

This is Chicago’s “first real city directory”, according to Howes, created when the town included (as of the 1843 census, reported on p. 76) less than eight thousand citizens. The Second Presbyterian Church, organized in 1842, had then a congregation of 300, as these pages state, and was headed by the Rev. R.W. Patterson. This leader would incubate the Lake Forest idea in his 1851-opened Church building in 1855 and 1856, and then serve as president of Lake Forest University, 1875-78. This directory is preceded only by a six-page list of businessmen, added to The Laws and Ordinances of Chicago (1839).  Purchase: funds donated for purchase of a landmark rare book by Elliott Donnelley, early 1970s, from Kenneth Nebenzahl; formerly the copy of Seth T. Otis, a pioneer leader and library organizer in Chicago. 

55. Kinzie, Juliette A.  Wau-bun, the “Early Day” in the Northwest….  New York: Darby & Jackson, 1856. Octavo, bound in the publisher’s stamped cloth. Howes K171, Graff 2340. 

This account of a visit to Chicago across the countryside from Portage, WI in the 1830s incorporates Kinzie’s 1844 pamphlet Narrative of the Massacre at Chicago…, as told to her by her pioneer Chicagoan mother-in-law.  Wau-bun has been reprinted often, notably by Chicago’s Caxton Club (1901), the Donnelley firm’s holiday Lakeside Classics (1932), and by University of Illinois Press (1955), edited by Donald Jackson and still in print.  Milo Quaife’s  introduction to the Lakeside Classics edition (# 15) explores the casual nature of the senior Kinzies’ frontier marital arrangements, which Juliette’s daughter, Eleanor Kinzie Gordon, sought to counteract in a later publication, alluded to in her correspondence  in Special Collections.  Juliette Kinzie also owned land in Lake Forest in the 1850s, soon bought by landscape gardener Frank Calvert for his nursery on Illinois Road, at Rosemary.  Professor Bernice Gallagher has written about Juliette Kinzie in her 1994 study Illinois Women Novelists in the Nineteenth Century.  Donor: bequest of James R. Getz.  (Shirley M. Paddock provided the research on Kinzie’s local property holdings, from the archives of Griffith Grant and Lackie Real Estate, Inc., Lake Forest.) 

56. Chicago Illustrated .  Chicago: Jevne& Almini, 1866-67.  Folio; first twelve of thirteen parts, in a half-leather (and buckram) slip case. Also, several individual prints, including one from the missing Part 13.  Chicago Anti-Fire Imprints 1047.

This is one of the great rarities of the midwest: lithographic prints of the way Chicago looked in the prosperous time right after the Civil War of 1861-65 when the continental railroad was being built west to the Pacific.  Among the sites shown are the old Second Presbyterian Church on Wabash, the stones of which after the Fire came to Lake Forest, ultimately for construction of the First Presbyterian Church (1887), facing North Campus; the old Illinois Central station at the north end of today’s Millennium Park; the Chicago River; busy commercial streets; theaters; etc.  The lithographs are made after drawings by Louis Kurz; the text was by James W. Sheahan. Donors: set in slipcase, bequest of James R. Getz; individual prints from Cecelia Cooper. [Entry updated August 2009]

57. D[onnelley], N[aomi] A.  The Lakeside Cook Book No. 1.  A Complete Manual for Practical, Economical, Palatable and Healthful Cookery.  Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, 1878. 

College trustee James Donnelley has reported that his great grandmother would issue a volume of her cook book whenever business was slow in the early days of the firm founded by her spouse Robert in 1864.  On the cover of the little paperback pamphlet is an engraved scene of domestic harmony around a middle-class table. The volume is an early example of the Donnelley press and a window on the post-pioneer-era urban lifestyle which was expanding exponentially the market for printing in the new west.  Purchase: George R. Beach, Jr. Fund.

58. Hull-House Maps and Papers…by Residents of Hull-House, a Social Settlement at 235 South Halstead Street, Chicago, Ill.  New York: T.Y. Crowell, 1895.  Illus. by maps, charts, etc., some in color.  Quarto, bound in original blue buckram, with pockets for maps, etc. on inside covers.  (Trsrm. HV4196 .C4 H7 1895)

Hull-House was founded southwest of Chicago’s Loop in 1889 by Jane Addams, who wrote the prefatory note to this publication along with an article on settlements and the labor movement, and by Ellen Gates Starr, who wrote an article as well, “Art and Labor.”  Addams’s brother-in-law served on this institution’s administrative staff in the mid 1880s and her nephew, John Addams Linn, graduated from Lake Forest in 1893.  John is listed among the “residents”, those responsible for this work, in an appendix.  Jane Addams also visited the campus frequently and spoke especially to women to recruit more volunteers to become residents.  In 1898 she recruited an alumna, Anna Davies, Class of 1889, to take over the fledgling but struggling College Settlement in Philadelphia (see Schulze et al., 30 Miles North…, 2000, the College history).  Addams later wrote up her experiences in Twenty Years at Hull-House (1910) and in The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House (1930).  Donor: Edwin N. Asmann ’27; from the collection of Lake Forest resident and philanthropist H.D. Smith, whose step-father John V. Farwell, Jr. owned this volume in 1897.

59. Thompson, Slason.  The Rape of the Links.  The author, 1911; boxed with his For Old Onwentsia. Lake Forest: the author, 1911; and his Annals of Onwentsia, Being a Brief Sketch of the Genesis of the Club. Lake Forest: the author, 1929.  (Call number Vault Treas. Rm. HS 2581 .T46)

This leaflet (Rape of the Links, which opposed a revision of the golf-course lay-out) and two pamphlets by a founding member of the Club and long-time associate of the key Club instigator Hobart Chatfield-Taylor (#4) are some of the earliest available historical sources for this pioneer midwestern golf and country club. The third item is a version of the historical talk Thompson gave to six hundred members and guests on November 3, 1928, for the opening dinner in the new Club house, designed by New York architect Harrie T. Lindeberg.  Lindeberg’s original drawings of the 1928 Clubhouse were given to Special Collections by Lake Bluff resident Paul Bergmann.  Other copies of Thompson’s writings on the Club are not known.  Donor: Trustee Mrs. Richard (Phoebe Norcross) Bentley, from the library of her Onwentsia-member father, Frederic Norcross, to whom the 1929 item was presented by the author. 

60. Shaw, Frances Wells (1872-1937).  Ragdale Book of Verse.  Lake Forest: Gothic Press, 1911. Duodecimo, bound in paper-covered boards. Limited to 50 copies.

Poet Frances Shaw was the spouse of Chicago architect Howard Van Doren Shaw (1869-1926), a summer resident of Lake Forest and architect of some College buildings.  The Shaws supported Harriet Monroe’s Poetry: A Magazine of Verse, launched in 1912, and Frances wrote poems published in Poetry.  In 1911 Lake Forest resident and Shaw client Edward Larrabee Baker printed a very small edition of Frances’s poems on a press in his 1907 Arts & Crafts Lake Forest house.  Frances was a key figure in the local literary set, which played a central role in the Chicago Literary Renaissance, well documented in Special Collections holdings. Donor: John T. (Jr.) and Susan Dart McCutcheon, the former being the son of the late cartoonist and author John T. McCutcheon and of the late Evelyn Shaw McCutcheon, the author’s daughter.  

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Railroads

61.  Bury, T[homas] T[albot] (1811-1877).  Coloured Views of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway: With Plates of the Coaches, Machines, &c., From Drawings Made on the Spot…, With Descriptive particulars, Serving as a Guide to Travellers on the Railway.  London: R. Ackerman, 1831. Folio, with 13 coloured plates; rebound in gilt-tooled full black leather by the Lakeside Press Extra Bindery.  Tooley .  (Call number Railroad TF 64 .L7 B8 1831)

The fifteenth edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica attributes the beginning of the railroad era to “the opening, on September 15, 1830, of the the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.”  It incorporated all the features of “modern public railroads” which would dominate land transportation globally through the World War II period, into the 1940s: a public carrier, it transported both passengers and freight; all business was handled by the company directly; and it used “mechanical traction” for all traffic.  Railways began in Britain, under pioneer rail equipment builder George Stephenson (1781-1848) in the 1810s, and made rapid progress in the 1820s—culminating in an October 1829 competition for a locomotive by the Liverpool and Manchester line.  Stephenson’s “Rocket” won this contest, with an innovative multiple fire-tube steam boiler.  The Ackerman-published (#24) set of handsome prints testifies to the popular interest in this new venture.  Special Collections also has the late James Sloss’s set of four half-tone prints of drawings of early locomotives, including the “Rocket,” prepared for the 1980 sesquicentennial celebration (“Great Railway Exposition, 1830-1980”) of the opening of the Liverpool Road, Manchester railway station in 1830, the “World’s first passenger railway station.”  A partial view of that facility is shown in Bury’s sixth plate.  Donor: the family of the late Elliott Donnelley, from his collection.  

62.   Reid, John Coleman.  Reid’s Tramp; Or, A Journal of the Incidents of Ten Months Travel through Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Sonora, and California…with  a Notice of the Great Inter-oceanic Railroad.  Selma, Alabama: John Hardy & Co., 1858.  Octavo, bound in publisher’s cloth with a protective jacket and slipcase by the Lakeside Press Extra Bindery. Howes R172, Graff 3450.

Howes considered  this to be a “very rare book.”  The Gadsen Purchase strip of land, now the lower portions of Arizona and New Mexico, was being seen as a potential location for a rail connection of California to the East, particularly the southeast.  Indeed, Lake Forest had been conceived out of the sectional rivalry for a rail link to the Pacific, stymied in the north by the war over slavery in Kansas in the mid 1850s.  This book did not miss the importance of this southern link for the perpetuating of the South’s “peculiar institution” of slavery.  The heart of the book is the author’s essay on the southern rail route, pp. 145-56.  And it is on p. 156 that he drives home his point that the southern route will fill in the territory west of the slave states faster than in the north, adding to slave interests in Congress so that the “pro-slavery element will expand.”  Donor: Mrs. DeWitt O’Kieffe.

63.  An Act to Aid in the Construction of a Railroad and Telegraph Line from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean.  Approved July 1, 1862.  Chicago: Tribune Book and Job Steam Printing Office, 1862. Not in Chicago Anti-Fire Imprints

Chicago and Illinois were crucial in the struggle which led up to the Civil War, 1861-65.  Indeed, it can be argued, with this reprint of the Washington original of this act as evidence, that one of Chicago’s and Illinois’ key political  motivations  from the early 1850s to the outbreak of hostilities in 1861 was creating peace in the west to allow for continuation of the building of the railroad to the coast.  This little pamphlet testifies to the Illinoisans’ resolve to end the war in order to get on with the task of laying the track connecting Chicago to the Pacific.  Purchase: Everett Graff ’06 Fund; this rare Chicago Pre-Fire imprint acquired from bookseller Hamill & Barker, the late Chicagoan and Pre-Fire imprints expert Terry Tanner, proprietor. 

64. Stevens, Simon.  The New Route of Commerce by the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.  A Paper Read Before the American Geographic Society of New York, November 15, 1870.  London: Printed at the Chiswick Press, 1871. To this are appended Report of the Special Commission of Engineers, Appointed to Examine the Principal Artificial Waterways, of Europe, with Reference to the Construction of the Tehuantepec Railway and Ship Canal and one folding map, Map of the Isthmus of Teheuantepec Showing the Location and the Profiles of the Interoceanic Railway by J. J. Williams and Eduardo Garay.  N.Y. Lithographing Co., 1870.  Octavo, in original red leather-covered , flexible boards, gold-stamped with the hallmark of the company. (Treas. Rm. Railroad TC 785 .S84.)

After the 1848 discovery of gold in California visionaries on the east coast of the United States and in Europe were interested in shortening the trip between the Atlantic and the Pacific.  Projects for rail lines and canals were proposed by French, English and U.S. interests to traverse the narrow stretches of land at various points between North and South America: at Nicaragua, at lower Mexico (as represented here), and at Panama, the ultimately successful location.   Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill, from the library of her late spouse and with his distinctive Mexican bookplate: a skeleton centaur, a Day of the Dead play on his ubiquitous centaur theme.  

65. Hudson, William S.  Locomotives and Locomotive Building…Rogers Locomotive and Machine Works, Paterson, New Jersey.  New York: J.W. Pratt, 1876. Quarto, bound in the publisher’s gilt-stamped black quarter leather with brown buckram boards.  (Call number Trsrm. Railroad TJ 625 .R7 1876)

Thomas Rogers (1792-1856) was not the first American locomotive builder, but was an early one, in 1837, and a major producer through the 19th C.  This book gives a history of Rogers’ early work and innovations in the context of the history of the industry, and provides a catalog, illustrated with engravings and photographs, the latter apparently reproduced lithographically.  This first edition appeared in the year of the centennial of the nation in Philadelphia, with its accompanying trade show; the library also has an 1886 follow-up version.  The locomotive photographs apparently were by John Reid, of Paterson, the site of the plant.  Many glass negatives of Reid’s 1860s and 1870s locomotive builder’s views for Paterson firms, in addition to Rogers also the New Jersey Locomotive Works and Danforth’s,  now are in Special Collections (Munson Paddock collection), through the efforts of the late Ann Hardy, earlier Mrs. Elliott Donnelley.  The first locomotive builder in the U.S. was Matthias William Baldwin (1795-1866), of Philadelphia, who built a demonstration locomotive in 1830 and soon was building locomotives for the new rail lines in his Baldwin works.  Special Collections also holds the catalogs of that firm, for ca. 1870 and 1881, as well as a special one just for narrow gauge engines in 1877—all illustrated with albumen prints of the locomotives.  Donor: Dorothy Herreshoff, sister of Munson Paddock.       

66. The Indian A B C Railway Guide…, No. 39 (February 1886).  Bombay: Times of India Office, 1886.  Bound with (1 and 2) The Indian Railway Travellers’ Guide…, Nos. 231 and 260 (April, 1886 and September 1888).  Bombay: “Bombay Gazette” Steam Press, (3) Vade Mecum Algerien.  Indicatur Exact  des Chemins de Fer, Services Maritimes, et Voitures Publiques de l’Algerie et La Tunisie…Vocabulaire Francais-Arabe….  Algers: Imprimerie Cheniaux-Franville, [ca. 1886], and (4) [bound into Vade Mecum Algerien… between pp. 110-111] a timetable for the Sicilian Railways Company Limited, London, line between Palermo and Corleone, December 1886, 4 pp.  Octavo, bound in gilt-stamped violet buckram; the September 1888 Indian Railway Travellers’ Guide… is accompanied by a large folding “Map of India…” engraved in London.

The four rail travel guides all include timetables, not unlike the Official Railway Guide… for the U.S.   They were intended for European travelers, each in the language of the country of which the territory was a colony then—India or South Asia of Great Britain and Algeria and Tunisia of France.  Each of these publications was unique in its characteristics.   The Indian A B C guide included plans of major cities—“Bombay, Poona, Calcutta, Delhi, and Lucknow”—along with Baedecker-like (European)  introductions to sights of interest, with for example a sophisticated description of the Taj Mahal at Agra.  This exotic group of railway and travel guides and timetables supports a notable collection of thousands of such materials  mostly from the late MIT Professor James Sloss, which came as a bequest facilitated by the Rosenthal family.  Purchase: on the Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund from the Friends of the Lake Forest Library; previously acquired in the mid 20th C. by Chicagoan G.F. Falley from British bookseller Norman Kerr (Grange-Over-Sands, Lancs).

67. Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway.  The Transportation Building: Illustrations of the Exhibit, Complete List of Exhibitors, Portraits of Prominent World Fair Officials, Together with a Large Amount of Interesting Matter Pertaining  to This Exhibit.  Chicago, 1893. Folio, in original paper wrappers.

By the time of the 1893 Chicago World’s Fair, the frontier had been declared “closed” by the railroads across the continent, according to Frederick Jackson Turner at a Fair-related meeting.  Chicago was the nation’s transportation capital, and it was time to celebrate with an event which punctuated a juncture in the nation’s history.  Attendance from around the country was massive, and the Rock Island railroad apparently handed out these substantial brochures to customers and potential customers, who would be viewing the exhibits. This copy may be a unique survivor. A complementary volume is George G. Street’s  Che! Wah! Wah! or The Modern Montezumas in Mexico.  (Rochester, NY: 1883) and illustrated with albumen photographs by R.D. Cleveland with woodcuts from the author’s sketches.  This work also was a railway promotional item, in this case for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.  It is a cheery account of an 1882 rail journey or junket for freight managers organized by an official of the CB&Q—an excursion from Chicago to Chihuahua in northern Mexico. This was just two decades after the 1862 Pacific Railroad Act (#63), an indication of how quickly Chicago’s transcontinental rail hub paid off.  Donor: for both, Dorothy Paddock Herreshoff, from the library of Munson Paddock, facilitated by the late Ann Hardy, formerly Mrs. Elliott Donnelley.

68. City Club of Chicago.  Chicago Railway Development: City of Chicago Steam Railway Maps Showing Development of the Railroads in Chicago, Prepared by the City Club of Chicago in 1912 for Transportation Exhibit.  Chicago: 1912.  14 maps created by Charles K. Mohler and printed by Rand McNally Co., Chicago.  The quarto-scaled maps are mounted on stiff paper and bound together in paper boards. (Treas. Rm. Vault G 4104 .C6 C6 1912)

When Trains magazine, in its July 2003 special Chicago issue, created a series of fourteen new maps illustrating the “Rise of a Railroad Capital, 1848-1910” on pp. 28 and 29, these illustrations were based on these fourteen maps from 1912, not known in other copies.  John Gruber detailed this relationship in his “Preservation” column in the September 2003 issue of Trains.  Also, these maps were scanned and mounted on the Special Collections website by reference librarian Nancy Bohm in the fall of 2003.    Donor: Arthur D. Dubin ASTP ’47, author of Some Classic Trains (1964) and More Classic Trains (1974), the two standard illustrated works on the era of the high-speed through or express trains, from the 1890s to the 1960s, and who also has donated, among other gifts, his collection of 5,500 photographs relating to the subjects of those two books to the library’s Special Collections.  

69. Dick, Jane [Warner].  Whistle-Stopping with Adlai.  Chicago: privately printed at the press of October House, 1952.  Quarto, bound in paper covered boards.

Jane Warner (Mrs. Edison) Dick, daughter of Ezra Warner, Jr. of Lake Forest (see #99), wrote and produced this book as a 1952 holiday gift.  It recounts the twelve-day rail journey on the eve of the November 1952 election on which the Democratic nominee for president, Adlai Stevenson, campaigned to the east coast and back in a final, dramatic push to challenge the lead of the ultimately successful Republican candidate, General Dwight D. Eisenhower.  October House’s proprietor, Chicago fine printer Philip Reed (1908-1989; see Inland Printers, pp. 28-30), called on a young Bruce Beck, then of Lake Forest, for the design of the book.  Donor: the late Edwin N. Asmann ’27.

70. Overton, Richard Cleghorn (1907-  ).  Gulf to Rockies: the Heritage of the Fort Worth and Denver-Colorado and Southern Railways, 1861-1898.  With pen sketches by Reginald Marsh.  Austin: University of Texas Press, 1953. First edition. Autograph presentations by the author and artist, with by the latter a caricature ink sketch of “Doc” Yungmeyer astride a reduced-scale locomotive.  Quarto, in original publisher’s boards.

Overton was a pioneer academic historian of the western railroad companies, on Northwestern’s faculty, having published Burlington West… in 1941 (Harvard  U. Press), based on the Burlington Railroad archives at the Newberry Library.  Reginald Marsh (1898-1954) was a noted, Yale educated artist known for his street scenes of New York.  D.W. Yungmeyer was a railfan and collector who in 1951 had published at Evanston a pamphlet on John Evans as a railroad pioneer.  Donor: Schaumburg Township Library, from a collection given there by a relation of the late D.W. Yungmeyer.   

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Scotiana

71. Lesley, John (1527?-1596).  De Origine Moribus, et Rebus Gestis Scotorum Libri Decem… [History of Scotland].  Rome, 1578.  Quarto, rebound in gilt-tooled full leather early in the 20th C. by W. Pratt.

This history of early Scotland by a Catholic churchman who was the successful rival of founding Scottish Presbyterian John Knox is illustrated with what apparently is the first printed map of Scotland and with early portraits of Mary, Queen of Scots and her son, James VI of Scotland and later James I of England, as well.   By 1579 Lesley moved to France where he served bishoprics in Normandy, away from his reformed homeland.  Donor: R. Douglas Stuart, late son-in-law of former College President James G.K. McClure (1897-1901). 

72. Campbell, Colin (1676?-1729).  Vitruvius Britannicus… vol. I London: 1715.  vol. II London: 1717.  vol. III London: 1725.  Folio, bound in contemporary suede full leather.

Architectural historian John Summerson attributes the beginning of the Palladian revolution in early 18th C. Britain to Campbell, whose first folio of classical buildings there, in 100 engravings, appeared in 1715. Vitruvius was the Roman writer whose description of ancient building alone survived the Dark Ages to become a guide in the Renaissance, to Andrea Palladio and others.  Campbell’s 1715 volume was followed by two more in 1717 and 1725, establishing the vogue among the English aristocracy for plate books on architecture. The library’s set contains bookplates of members of the Adam family, eminent British architects who later produced Vitruvius Scotius. Robert Adam (1728-1792) produced another notable folio in the library’s Scottish collection, Ruins of the Palace of the Emperor Diocletian at Spalatro…(London, 1764), the first such volume on one residential building. Donor: the late Edwin N. Asmann ‘27, from the library of Ames Ross, a Lake Forest resident. Asmann also donated several later plate books from the library of architect Howard Van Doren Shaw (#60). Robert Adam’s Ruins… was donated by the late Brunson MacChesney.

73. Park, Mungo (1771-1806).  Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa: Performed Under the Direction and Patronage of the African Association, in the Years 1795, 1796, and 1797…London: for the Author, 1799.  Rebound uniformly in full-leather with, as vol. 2 of Parks’ Travels, Park, Mungo.  Journal of a Mission to the Interior of Africa in the Year 1805…[with] An Account of the Life of Mr. Park.  London: John Murray, 1815.  Bound uniformly in full leather, restored. Printing and The Mind of Man 394.

Park’s two expeditions into the interior of Africa, toward the source of the Niger River, were early explorations at the turn of the 18th C. to the 19th, and precursors of what would be a century of exploration, conquest, and colonization.  Two centuries later these volumes describe the work of an ambitious and curious Scot and his ultimately fatal encounter with a continent close to Europe, but then little known to Western scholars.  Donor: R. Douglas Stuart.

74. Thornton, Thomas (1757-1823).  A Sporting Tour Through the Northern Part of England, and the Great Part of the Highlands of Scotland, Including Remarks on English and Scottish Landscape, and General Observations on the State of Society and Manners….  London: Vernon and Hood, 1804.  Large quarto, bound in gilt-stamped and decorated full brown leather over boards.

At the end of the 17th C. Scotland had given up its separate identity and united with England to gain economic advantages.  A century later, after notable reports on tours of Scotland by James Boswell and others, the once-exotic northern part of Britain had become a not uncommon destination for privileged southerners. The Rev. William Gilpin (# 22) had led in helping Britons appreciate the scenery in remote parts of Britain offered in the period of the wars with France, when continental travel was precluded. Donor: R. Douglas Stuart.   

75. Gunn, John.  An Historical Inquiry Respecting the Performance on the Harp in the Highlands of Scotland; from the Earliest Times, Until It was Discontinued About the Year 1734….  Edinburgh: Archibald Constable and Company, 1807.  Folio, bound in contemporary quarter leather, with marbled paper boards. 

An ethnomusicologist produced this monograph for the Highland Society of Scotland after the discovery of two ancient harps, one being that of Mary, Queen of Scots.  This is a reflection of the interest in old ways in Scotland, in the period of Sir Walter Scott’s romantic poetry and Waverly novels about pre-industrial-era  Scottish history and lore.  Donor: R. Douglas Stuart. 

76. The Beauties of Caledonia or, Gems of Scottish Song: Being a Collection of More than Fifty of the Most Beautiful Scotch Ballads, Set to Music Many of Which Have Hitherto Been Unpublished in This Country…. Boston: Oliver Ditson, 1845.  Folio, informally bound with other music pasted in. 

The 18th  and 19th Cs. saw a diaspora of Scots and Scots-Irish leaving the British Isles for North America.  By the mid-19th C. Chicago had a St. Andrews Society to celebrate the homeland for these former Scots.  Music was a substantial means of preserving culture for these immigrants.  Donor: bequest of Lilace Reid Barnes, neighbor and granddaughter of original owner Martha McWilliams Reid, donor of Reid Hall and Chapel, 1899 (both women are pictured in Miller and Paddock, Lake Forest…, 2000).  

77.  Semple, David.  Supplement to Saint Mirin: the History of the Chapel of Saints Mirin and Columb, Afterwards the Burial Place of Lord Paisley and the Earls of Abercorn, Now Popularly Called the Sounding Aisle of Paisley.  Paisley: J & J Cook, 1873.  Bound with Semple, David.  Second Supplement to Saint Mirin: Historical Remarks on the Demolition of the Building on the South Side of Paisley Abbey. Paisley: J & J Cook, 1874. Quarto, bound by Maclehose, Glasgow, in gilt-tooled red quarter leather, including on spine: “Extra Illustrated.”  (Call number Special Collections DA 890 .P1 S35 1873)     

Technical Services Librarian Eileen Karsten researched this uncommon  item relating to the history and architecture of Paisley Abbey, in the old town  and textile center immediately southwest of the Atlantic industrial port of Glasgow.  Saint Mirin was an  Irish religious contemporary of Saint Columba of Iona, one of the group which brought Christianity to Great Britain in the late 6th C., and the founder of the Church in Paisley and in other parts of Scotland.   The Church and Chapel date from the 1169 founding of the Benedictine abbey.  The plan accompanying the Supplement and the seven photographic albumen prints accompanying the Second Supplement appear to have been added to this copy when  it was bound.  A complementary volume is A.H. Millar’s folio Castles and Mansions of Renfrewshire and Buteshire (Glasgow, 1889), illustrated by 65 albumen photographic prints and surveying the residential architecture of the semi-rural region just south and west of Glasgow and Paisley toward the sea.  Donor: R. Douglas Stuart.     

78. McCosh, James. The Scottish Philosophy, Biographical, Expository, Critical, From Hutcheson to Hamilton. New York: Robert Carter and Brothers, 1875.  Quarto, rebound in gold-tooled leather-covered boards.  (Trsrm. B 1401 .M3)

This landmark history of ideas was written by a Scot who came to the U.S. to head Princeton’s divinity school and later was the reform president of Princeton University.  He was the mentor of the Rev. James G.K. McClure (1848-1932), Presbyterian pastor in Lake Forest from 1881 to 1905, president of the College from 1897 to 1901, and an active friend and trustee for many years after (see Schulze, et al., 30 Miles North…).  Another McCosh protégé was James Mark Baldwin, on this faculty in 1887-89 while he wrote his pioneering textbook in Psychology.  Philosophy was one of the Scots’ great contributions to the modern world and McCosh’s survey pioneered appreciation of this debt, also reflected in Professor of History David Spadafora’s 1990 study, The Idea of Progress in Eighteenth Century Britain. Donor: R. Douglas Stuart, McClure’s son-in-law.

79. Stevenson, Robert Louis (1850-94).  New Arabian Nights.  London: Chatto & Windus, 1882. First edition. 2 quarto vols. in a solander box by H. Zucker, Philadelphia.

This first edition in collector’s condition of this group of tales is rare, due to a short press run just prior to Stevenson’s major popularity after Treasure Island in 1883, which already had appeared serially.  Still accessible to modern readers, Stevenson perhaps is Scotland’s best-known author, supplanting Walter Scott, whose Waverly novels were staples of 19th C. taste.  From the private library of noted bibliophile A. Edward Newton, this 2-vol. title is discussed as a rarity in his 1920s Book-Collecting Game.  Donor: Mrs. DeWitt O’Kieffe.

80. Gray, John M.  David Scott, R.S.A. and His Work….  Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1884. Number 17 of 100 large paper copies.  Large folio, bound in publisher’s stamped, buckram-covered  boards.

Scott, whose work resembles the striking visual images of William Blake, is representative of the library’s holdings on Scottish art.  Some of the images represent anthropomorphic idealizations of astronomical events, such as “Creating a Star” and “Comet.”  Donor: R. Douglas Stuart.

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Exploration, Travel and Other Lands

81. Panvinio, Onofrio, 1529-1568.  De Ludis Circensibus : Libri II. De Triumphis, Liber Unus. Quibus Universa Ferè Romanorum Veterum Sacra Ritusq Declarantur, acFiguris Aeneis Illustrantur. Cum Notis Ioannis Argoli et Additamento Nicolai Pinelli, Adiectis hac Nouissima Editione Eruditissimi Viri Ioachimi Ioannis Maderi. Notis, et Figuris in Lib. de Triumphis.  Patavii : P. M. Frambotti, 1681.  Illustrated with plates, including double-page and fold-out views.  Folio, bound in contemporary vellum. (Call number   OVRSZ.TRSRM. DG 95 .P22 1681)

Like Robert Adam’s 1764 Ruins of the Palace of the Emperor Diocletian… (#72), this illustrated, scholarly edition of Panvinio’s work reflects the Renaissance impulse to archaeological  study of ancient, pre-Christian  Roman civilization.  In this case the subjects are venues such as the Colosseum and the Circus Maximus in Rome and the variety of games and contests which took place there, generally more bellicose than those of the ancient Greeks’ Olympic games.  This is a book of lavish plates, reproducing surviving murals and medallions which depicted  sports in the times of the Caesars.  These activities ranged from chariot races as in Ben Hur to gladiator combat, as seen recently in the film Gladiator and in the television mini-series  remake of Spartacus.  Also depicted are sacrificial  rites involving wild beasts, with roots in pre-historic Greece and Italy, and combat with boars and lions, etc., surviving in modern bull fights. Even a mock naval battle appears  to be played out in a flooded arena in one double-page fold-out plate.  The title-page is a model of Baroque visual inclusiveness, a characteristic  which would be reacted against in the next century in austere title-pages by Baskerville and Bodoni (#s 11 and 12).  Donor: the late Mrs. Gordon Bent, presumably from the library of her Detroit-area  collector father, Sidney Miller.        

82. Exquemelin,  Alexandre Olivier.  Bucaniers of America: Or a True Account of the Most Remarkable Assaults Committed of Late Years upon the Coasts of the West Indies… London: William Crook, 1684.  Illustrated with several plates, including three fold-outs.  Quarto, bound in 19th C. gilt-tooled, full leather-covered boards, by W. Pratt. 

Pirates were a serious problem for the supply lines and navies of the emerging European empires of the 17th C. Caribbean—the more established Spain, especially.  The struggle between Catholic Spain and Protestant Great Britain was epitomized in Captain Henry Morgan’s raids on the Spanish fleet, or Armada.  This historical account includes also both a fold-out “map” (birds-eye view) of Panama and also a fold-out view of the battle which raged there when Morgan with 1,200 men raided the town in 1670.

The buccaneers were an enthusiasm of John T. McCutcheon, a Chicago-based media star (reporter, cartoonist, author) of a century ago, who had grown up in rural Indiana, dreaming of R.L. Stevenson’s 1883 adventure novel, Treasure Island (see #79).  By the late 1890s McCutcheon was roaming the globe by sea for a Chicago paper, and he was on hand at the taking of Manila by Admiral Dewey in the War of 1898—telegraphing his story back home at the first opportunity.  Soon after the turn of the century he was collecting rare books relating to pirates, from the famous Saints and Sinners Corner, at the A.C. McClurg bookstore in Chicago. By the mid 1910s, he was married and able to honeymoon on his own island in the Bahamas, which he named Treasure Island. His interest in pirates and the Carribean is described in his memoir, Drawn From Memory (1950). Donors: Lake Forest residents John T. (Jr.) and Susan Dart McCutcheon, with a group of rare pirate and early Caribbean titles.

83.  The Koran, Commonly Called the Alcoran of Mohammed, Translated into English Immediately from the Original Arabic; with Explanatory Notes, Taken From the Most Approved Commentators, to Which is Prefixed  a Preliminary Discourse by George Sale, Gent. London: J. Wilcox, 1734.  Large quarto, in its original full-leather boards.  (Call number Treas. Rm. BP 109 .S3 1734)

This 1734 translation of the Koran with a presentation by George Sale (1697?-1736) reflects the widening curiosity by the British about lands east and south of Europe, between Europe and India, where British interests were beginning to focus for trade and colonization. The volume is illustrated with a fold-out map of the Arabian Peninsula, a fold-out engraving of the “Plan of the Temple at Mecca”, and with three genealogical charts of Mohammed’s descendants.  Donor: the late Mrs. Gorden Bent, Lake Forest, from the library of her father, Michigan resident Sidney Miller. 

84. Coxe, William.  Account of the Russian Discoveries Between  Asia and America.  To which are Added, The Conquest of Siberia, and The History of the Transactions and Commerce Between Russia and China.  2nd ed. rev. and corrected.  London: T. Cadell, 1780.  Large quarto, in a buckram-covered box by Jeffrey Rigby, New York.

During the 18th C. the British interest in global developments and conquest reached a peak of activity, with Cook’s voyages in the mostly equatorial Pacific.  Not surprisingly, there was strong interest in Bering’s travels in the Northern Pacific when Coxe issued his report on continental narratives.  Illustrations mostly are excellent maps, but also include an engraving of a walled town with a temple on  the border with China.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E Hamill, from the library of her late spouse; restord o te Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund. 

85. Solvyns, Balt.  Costumes de l’Indostan, Dessines Dans l”Inde en 1798 and 1799, et Representes en Soixante Planches Enluminees, avec les Explications en Anglais et en Francais.  London: Edward Orme, 1807.  Folio, bound in contemporary red quarter leather, with paper covered boards. 

This large-format  volume, heavily illustrated with full-page, color prints and with explanations in English and French, shows quite accurately South Asians of various stations, including musicians with instruments.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill. (Researched by Loveena Dookhony ’05 and Amit Shrestha ‘07.)

86.  Description des Principaux Parcs et Jardins de l’Europe….  [Germany]: 1808.  2 vols. bound in one, with the title-pages and text in French and German.  Illustrated plates and plans in color and black & white, some folding.  Folio, bound in contemporary quarter leather, with marbled paper covered boards. 

This work is a “pastiche…attributed to Karl Robert Schindelmayer” of a landmark work on pre- French-Revolution (1789) gardens, Coup d’Oeil at Beloeil and a Great Number of European Gardens by Prince Charles-Joseph de Ligne, translated and edited by Basil Guy (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991).  De Ligne was an aristocrat who found his own Beloeil garden second only to that at Versailles and is thought to have advised Marie-Antoinette on her garden for the Petit Trianon.  This copy lacks a third volume, published in 1812.  This book of plates and critical commentary in this “pastiche” version presents the employment of the informal elements of the English landscape school with its associated chinoiserie in important continental gardens, public and private.  It includes a significant map and plates of Stowe in England and two very interesting color plates of Chinese scenes by Lord MaCartney—one of Beijing, with the palace of the emperor, and one of a rural picturesque landscape, with sculptures.  Basil Guy’s assessment of this work as a pastiche (p. 276) opens up the opportunity for further careful study, comparing Guy’s 1991 de Ligne Coup d’Oeil at Beloeil… edition to the first two volumes of the Description….  In 2004 this version by engraver and publisher Schindelmayer of de Ligne’s work was reported elsewhere on OCLC’s Worldcat only at the Research Libraries of the New York Public Library; in 2010 there is a pdf electronic version of the 1812 three-volume version available for download at the Biodiversity Heritage Library.  Donor: Mrs. Alfred E. Hamill.  This entry updated November 2010.   

87.  Lerdo de Tejada, Miguel (d. 1861).  Memoria…de la Hacienda Publica….  Mexico City, V. G. Torres, 1857. Large quarto, in a 20th C. leather binding. Conde and Stein 3101.

This is the first edition of an important source on the Mexican economy prior to that country’s Civil War.  Lerdo de Tejada was appointed by a liberal government as Minister of Finance in May 1856, but he was forced to flee the capital  early in 1857, when the conservatives took control. Lerdo later was appointed Minister again, under the liberal Juarez.  Indeed, Lerdo was the first to suggest suspending payments on Mexico’s national debt held abroad—which led to the European intervention, while the U.S. was preoccupied by its Civil War (1861-65).  In this period Maximillian for a time was Emperor of Mexico.  This document, then, is a significant source in the history of modern, mid-19th-C. Mexico.  Published in the same year both that the U.S. experienced a serious business recession and also that this institution was granted its original charter, it provides a window into the finances and problems of developing Mexico at a critical moment.  Purchase: Everett D. Graff ’06 Fund, from Kenneth Nebenzahl.

88. Hutchinson, Frances Kinsley.  Motoring in the Balkans: Along the Highways of Dalmatia, Montenegro, the Herzegovina and Bosnia (Chicago: A. C. McClurg, 1909).  In its original publisher’s decorated cloth boards, with “over one hundred illustrations from photographs by the author.” Quarto, bound in publisher’s decorated cloth-covered boards.

Published five years before the Grand Duke was shot in Sarajevo beginning World War I in August 1914, Chicagoan Hutchinson’s illustrated narrative gave midwesterners a close-up view of scenes along the road in a not well-known section of southern Europe, making use of the new technologies of motorcars, portable cameras, and half-tone printing.  Hutchinson’s spouse, banker and long-time Art Institute president Charles L. Hutchinson, was given an honorary degree by Lake Forest College in 1908; the occasion and Charles Hutchinson are pictured on pp. 72-73 of Schulze et al., 30 Miles North… (2000), the College’s history.  The author very likely was present on campus that day.  A. C. McClurg & Co. was the genteel Chicago trade publisher of that period; the Hutchinson book was printed at R. R. Donnelley’s Lakeside Press. Donor: descendants of General A.C. McClurg.  (Trsrm. DR 15 .H9)

89. Lea, Tom.  Peleliu Landing.  El Paso: C. Hertzog, 1945.  “#3 of 500 copies.”  Bound in Marine herringbone twill (green-colored combat dungaree cloth).  With four items: (1)  an original sketch, “Counter attack…” (reproduced facing p. 18) in a folder labeled by Lea as from his Peleliu sketch book; (2) a Lea autograph presentation leaf to DeWitt O’Kieffe signed by the printer and artist; (3) an accompanying Christmas greeting printed by Herzog and (4) a Life offprint of a 1945 article on Peleliu’s landing, illustrated with paintings by Lea (in its original envelope).  The end paper is a photograph (black & white) taken by Lea from a foxhole. Lowman 29.

The battles for Pacific islands leading toward Japan were some of the most horrific in the history of warfare.  The landing at Peleliu (a small island with a strategic air strip, 750 miles east of Mindanao, Philippines; part of the Palau Islands group) was staged with marines hitting the beach on September 15, 1944, and accompanied by artist Tom Lea who “remained with Captain Frank Farrell and his men under fire for the first thirty-two hours of the assault.”  He then returned to a naval vessel off-shore and at once put his pencil to paper to record “in my sketch book the burden of this memory.”  The sketches are as originally drawn, “untouched.” Some young American men made their first journey abroad in order to fight and sometimes to die on beaches such as this one. According to the printer’s bibliographer, Al Lowman, this book is “…one of Hertzog’s great achievements.” Donor: bequest of DeWitt O’Kieffe.

90. [Plath, Sylvia]. Varsity Handbook, the Undergraduate Guide to Cambridge.  ed. Guy Shepherd.  Ninth ed., 1955-56.  Cambridge: Varsity Publications, [1955].  Paperback, with pen markings by Sylvia Plath, including twice the owner’s name.

Exemplary of the kinds of guidebooks employed by post-World-War-II American students abroad in Europe, this is poet Sylvia Plath’s copy, with markings discussed in an unpublished essay by Professor of English Emerita Ann Hentz. Seen here is the young future author (1932-1963) about to embark on her brief but brilliant career as a confessional poet; this is prior to her meeting of her future husband, English poet Ted Hughes, and to her suicide.  This item also represents Special Collections’ significant holdings in American poets and poetry of the second half of the 20th C., including Howard Nemerov books and correspondence from Judy Bartholomay ’65 and  materials relating to award-winning local poet Lisel Mueller (honorary degree,  1985), with her 1,500-book collection, [relocated to the Poetry Foundation in Chicago, November 2013].  Purchase: bequest of DeWitt O’ Kieffe, from a Leslie Hindman auction in the early 1980s, from the stock of bookseller James Borg, a Lake Forest resident.

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Science and Technology

91. Hippocrates.  Praelectiones in Librum Hippocratis Coi Medicorum Principis, de Morbis Internis.  Paris: Joan. Libert, 1637.  Quarto, bound in contemporary vellum, with a modern buckram box by Jeffrey Rigby, New York.

Hippocrates (ca. 460—ca.370 B.C.) was a Greek physician, recognized as the father of medicine.  By observation at the bedside he put medicine on a scientific basis.  The book is in both Greek and Latin and it includes old handwritten marginal notes, as on p. 7, in Greek and Latin also, indicating the learned backgrounds of modern physicians.  Donor: the late Ruth Gregg (Mrs. August) Ortlepp, Blue Island, from the library of her father, Dr. William L. Gregg, Chicago. 

92. Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc, comte de (1707-1788).  Oeuvres Completes de Buffon. Paris: E.-L.-C. Mauprivez, 1835-36.  6 vols., with 300 vignettes of more than 800 animals designed by Victor Adam and engraved by Muller, Lalaisse, Durand, Beaupre, Colin, Giroux, Muncret, …; large quarto, bound in contemporary full leather.

Aristocrat Georges Buffon in the 18th C. was a precursor of 19th C. evolutionary thought.   This handsomely illustrated large-format quarto “new edition”, in the era when prints of animals and birds were being done by many artists, exemplifies the interest in the natural world in its variety and relationships.  Born to privilege in the ancien regime, Buffon could fund his own research.  Purchase: Martin R. Rosenthal Memorial Library Fund. 

93. Whewell, William (1794-1866).  History of the Inductive Sciences From the Earliest to the Present Time.  3rd ed. London: J.W. Parker, 1857. 3 vols., bound in library-mended original publisher’s gilt-decorated red cloth-covered boards.

The Dictionary of Scientific Biography describes Whewell as “unique in his attempt to derive a philosophy of science from the general features of the historical development of empirical science.” Whewell thought that the history of science “displayed a progressive movement from less to more general theories, from imperfectly understood facts to basic sciences, built upon a priori foundations that he called ‘Fundamental Ideas’.”  Source: transferred from the library stacks, where its low accession number, in the 4,000s, suggests that it was acquired  in the 1870s or 1880s, when the library was in what now is Young Hall. (Researched by Amit Shrestha ’07).

94. Transactions of the Chicago Academy of Sciences.  Volume I.  Chicago: the Academy, 1867-69. 337 pp., 34 plates. (Call number Vault Q 11 .C5 v. 1.) Chicago Anti-Fire Imprints 1149.

Lake Forest has the first volume of the two-volume run of this periodical which flourished prior to the great Fire of 1871.  This was a general periodical, aimed at the interested non-specialist reader, with articles on archaeology, ornithology, climatology, etc.  The lithographic and engraved plates are handsome, with two articles on birds (one on the birds of Alaska) illustrated by brightly colored lithographs, and for the first general article underwriten by four different local patrons.  Other 18th and 19th C. natural history books with handsome plates are represented  in the library by, for example, the Beaches’ numbered limited-edition copy of Sacheverell Sitwell’s 1953 Chiswick Press printed folio, Fine Bird Books, 1700-1900, providing an overview of the type, and by the Asmann copy of the titles listed in Fine Bird Books, F. O. Morris’s 1851-57  first edition of The History of British Birds with 358 colored plates in 6 vols..  Donor: Mary Evaline Smith Farwell, from the library of her late spouse U.S. Senator Charles B. Farwell. The Farwells re-launched  in 1876 the four-year collegiate program here, newly-co-educational, and later to become Lake Forest College (see Schulze et al., 30 Miles North…).  

95. Gauss, Carl Friedrich (1777-1855).  Werke.  Vols. 1-5.  Goettingen, 1870-77.  Large quarto, bound in buckram.  (Call numbers [General Stacks] QA 3 .G3 v. 1-5.)

Gauss was a renowned German mathematician, compared by the Encyclopedia Britannica for significance to Archimedes and Newton. He is noted as well for his innovations in physics, particularly electromagnetism.  As a mathematician he made important contributions to number theory with his 1801 book Disquisitiones arithmeticae (reprinted in vol I. of the Lake Forest set; Horblitt 38), which contained a systematic presentation of his previous work and solutions of some of the most difficult outstanding problems, like the proof of the law of quadratic reciprocity. He is credited for coining the term complex number and the notation i for the square root of -1 (negative one).  Source: acquired, according to its low accession number of 6,974, in the early years of the institution, perhaps under President Daniel Gregory (1878-1885), who introduced the vogue for German science into the curriculum, or soon after the arrival of Mathematics Professor Malcolm McNeil (1888-1923). (Researched in part  by Amit Shrestha ’07; see also Schulze et al., 30 Mile North….)

96. Bell, Alexander Graham.  Memoir Upon the Formation of a Deaf Variety of the Human Race.  [Washington, D.C.], 1884.  Large quarto, bound in its original pressed cloth boards.

Bell is known for his work on deafness and with the deaf, related to his work with telephony and sound transmission and amplification.  In this case he turned his attention to the possibility of a sub culture or group of deaf people, an example of early thinking about persons with disabilities.  In this period less than a quarter century after Darwin’s 1859 theory of evolution, Bell’s paper speculated on the long-term impact of intermarriage among deaf individuals. Donor: the family of Lake Forest resident Charles W. Hammond, the library’s copy of Bell’s 1884-printed paper being presented by the author to Hammond, “from his affectionate cousin,” on December 22, 1884; Hammond, when a first year student at Harvard in 1876, assisting Bell, was the first person ever to hear the human voice transmitted, prior to the public demonstration. 

97. Hudson, W[illiam] H[enry] (1841-1922).  The Naturalist in la Plata.  London: Chapman and Hall, 1892. First edition. Bound in publisher’s original decorated cloth-covered boards.

Hudson was noted as an author on natural topics and in natural surroundings, but his early environmental fervor comes through in the opening sentences of this work: 

During recent years we have heard much about the great and rapid changes now going on in the plants and animals of all the temperate regions of the globe colonized by Europeans.  These changes, if taken merely as evidence of material progress, must be a matter of rejoicing to those who are satisfied, and more than satisfied, with our system of civilization, or method of outwitting nature by the removal of all checks on the undue increase of our own species.  To one who finds a charm in things as they exist in the unconquered provinces of nature’s dominions, and who, not being over-anxious to reach the end of his journey, is content to perform it on horseback…, it is permissible to lament the altered aspect of the earth’s surface, together with the disappearance of numberless noble and beautiful forms, both of the animal and vegetable kingdoms. 

This introductory passage continues to outline the thinking behind so much local and campus effort at restoration, birding, and minimizing the impacts of human growth and development. Source: general collection, probably acquired during the presidency of noted botanist John M. Coulter (1893-96), perhaps already associated while at Lake Forest with new ecological ideas from Germany; in 1896 he went to the University of Chicago to head up the botany program there, noted for its pioneering interest in ecology (see Schulze et al., 30 Miles North…).

98. Kendall, Phebe Mitchell, compiler.  Maria Mitchell: Life, Letters, Journal.  Boston: Lee and Shepherd, 1896.  First edition.  Quarto, in publisher’s original cloth-covered boards. 

Lake Forest’s Mitchell Hall (no longer extant, pictured in Schulze et al., 30 Miles North…), the women’s dormitory from 1881 to 1899 when Lois [Barnes Durand] Hall was completed, was/is the only residence hall named for a scientist.  Mitchell (1818-1889) was a pioneer astronomer, woman scientist, and science educator.  A friend of early College patroness and former teacher Mary Evaline Smith Farwell, Mitchell provided the inspiration for a generation of women enrolled in a co-educational Lake Forest four-year collegiate-level program—a “men’s” rigorous curriculum, as opposed to the more conservative  and genteel “ladies’” program of neighboring Ferry Hall female seminary and College then (now merged with Lake Forest Academy).  Mitchell taught at Vassar College, and by the early 1870s was much interested  in women’s educational issues—around the time Mrs. Farwell led in re-establishing Lake Forest’s collegiate program, which had lapsed during the early 1860s (Civil War period).  Purchase: George R. Beach, Jr. Fund.     

99. Van’t Hoff, Jacobus H. (1852-1911). Physical Chemistry In the Service of the Sciences.  English version by Alexander Smith.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1903. Octavo, bound in publisher’s maroon buckram.  (Call number Treas. Rm. QD 453 .H695.)

Van’t Hoff visited the University of Chicago to deliver a series of lectures in 1901, the same year he won the first Nobel Prize in Chemistry.  He is one of perhaps three figures who can be considered founders of modern physical and indeed analytical chemistry.  Though he made other stops during his 1901 visit, it was his Chicago series of lectures which was translated by a University of Chicago faculty member; it later also was published in French, as well.  Donors: J.F. Rumsey and E.J. Warner, Jr.

100. Insull, Samuel (1859-1938).  Central-Station Electric Service Its Commercial Development and Economic Significance as Set Forth in the Public Addresses (1897-1914) of  Samuel Insull.  Edited, with an Introduction, by William Eugene Keily.  Chicago: privately printed, 1915.  1,120 copies privately circulated, this being no. 207 presented to Mr. Edward Caldwell, with tipped in following the verso of the title-page a typed letter to Caldwell from the editor, acknowledging his written contributions; Caldwell is mentioned on p. xxiv.  (Call number Treas. Rm. TK 1191 .I5)

Midwestern utility czar Insull, whose experimental farm and estate was just west of Lake Forest (see Coventry et al., Classic Country Estates…, 2003), is credited with inventing the organized central production and distribution of electric power, and then thinking up applications to use this power he was generating.  These ideas included electric railroads (the North Shore Line), milking machines for farms (Lake County, IL by 1910 was the first demonstration setting for rural electrification), vacuum cleaners for home use, subdivisions along the railroads to draw passengers, and even Ravinia Park, to draw passengers to the North Shore Line, as well.  Donor: Commonwealth Edison Corporation, through the efforts of Professor of History Michael Ebner and of Loyola University Professor of History Harold L. Platt, author of the 1991 University of Chicago Press study entitled The Electric City: Energy and Growth of the Chicago Area, 1880-1930. 

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Selected Bibliography

“Naturally, the most satisfactory of bibliographies are those limited to books of a special class.” Burton, p. 235

Descriptions of this collector’s “cabinet” of Donnelley and Lee Special Collections titles generally has drawn on standard print and online reference sources, including Worldcat, the public catalog of the international networked bibliographic utility, OCLC. Print tools such as the multi-volume American National Biography (1999), the Encyclopedia Britiannica, Contemporary Authors and its critical siblings, etc. also have been consulted routinely.  This short list includes only specialized standard bibliographic listings and histories, including some for which short-title references with item numbers have been added to entries, for those who would look for more information about copies and their contexts. 

For Americana items all the possible sources have not been listed, though both Howes and Graff numbers have been included for these complementary tools, the former for its evaluative qualities and the latter for its complete descriptions by compiler Colton Storm.  Both of these tools, by the way, drew on the well-known, extensive Western Americana collection of alumnus and College library benefactor Everett D. Graff ‘06, now in Chicago’s Newberry Library.  Sabin numbers are provided only for items beyond the scope of Howes and Graff.  

Basbanes, Nicholas A. A Gentle Madness: Bibliophiles, Bibliomanes, and the Eternal Passion for Books. New York: Henry Holt, 1995.

Blanck, Jacob Nathaniel.  Bibliography of American Literature.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1955-91.  8 vols. 

Burton, John Hill. The Book Hunter. 2nd ed. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood & Sons, 1900.

Byrd, Cecil K. A Bibliography of Illinois Imprints, 1814-58. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1966.

Conde, Roberto Cortes and Stanley J. Stein.  Latin America: A Guide to Economic History, 1830-1930.  Berkeley: University of California, 1977.  (Ref Z 7165 .L32)

Coventry, Kim, Daniel Meyer, and Arthur H. Miller.  Classic Country Estates of Lake Forest, Architecture and Landscape Design, 1856-1940.  New York: W.W. Norton, 2003.  (Trsrm. NA 7613 .I3 C68 2003)

Evans, Charles.   American Bibliography…Down to and Including 1800.  14 vols.  New York: Peter Smith, 1941-67.  (Ref Z 1215 .E923)

Goff, Frederick R., compiler and editor.  Incunabula in American Libraries: A Third Cencus of Fifteenth-Century Books Recorded in North American Libraries. Reproduced from  an annotated copy of the 1964 3rd  ed., maintained by the author.  MIllwood, NY: Kraus Reprint, 1973.

Grolier Club.  One Hundred Influential American Books Printed Before 1900…New York: The Grolier Club, 1947 (New York: Kraus Reprint, 1967). (Trsrm. Z 1231 .F5G7 1967)

Horblitt, Harrison D. One Hundred Books Famous in Science. New York: Grolier Club, 1964. (Trsrm. Z 7401. H6)

Howes, Wright, compiler.  U.S.iana (1650-1950), a Selective Bibliography…[of] Uncommon and Significant Books Relating to the Continental Portion of the United States.  Revised and enlarged.  New York: R. R. Bowker Company, for the Newberry Library, 1962.  (Ref Z 1215 .H75)

Inland Printers: the Fine-Press Movment in Chicago, 1920-45. Eds. Kim Coventry and Susan F. Rossen.  Chicago: Caxton Club, 2003.

Lowman, Al, compiler. Printer at the Pass: The Work of Carl Hertzog. San Antonio: Institute of Texan Cultures, University of Texas, 1972. (Trsrm. Z 232 .H54 L68)

[McMutrie, Douglas C. and others] Checklist of Chicago Anti-Fire Imprints. 1851-1871. Chicago: Historical Records Survey. 1938.

McMurtrie, Douglas C.  The Book: The Story of Printing & Bookmaking.  New York: Dorset Press, 1989 (reprint of 1943 original ed.).

Miller, Arthur H. and Shirley M. Paddock.  Lake Forest: Estates, People, and Culture.  Chicago: Arcadia Press, 2000.

Printing and The Mind of Man…London: F.W. Bridges: Sons and The Association of British Manufacturers of Printers’ Machinery, 1973. (Trsrm. Z 121. B7 1963)

Sabin, Joseph.  A Dictionary of Books Relating to America…  Amsterdam: N. Israel, 1961-62.  29 vols.  (reprint).

Schulze, Franz, Rosemary Cowler, and Arthur H. Miller.  30 Miles North: A History of Lake Forest College, Its Town, and Its City of Chicago.  Lake Forest: distrib. by the University of Chicago Press, 2000). 

Shaw, Ralph R. and Richard H. Shoemaker.  American Bibliography: A Preliminary Checklist for 1801-1819.  New York: Scarecrow, 1958-66.  22 vols.

Sitwel, Sacheverell, et al.Fine Bird Books, 1700-1900.  London, New York: Collins, Van Nostrand, 1953.  (Call number Trsrm. Vault Z 5331 .S5)

Steinberg, S.H. Five Hundred Years of Printing. 2nd ed., rev. Baltimore; Penguin Books, 1965.

Storm, Colton, complier.  A Catalogue of the Everett D. Graff Collection of Western Ameericana.  Chicago: publ. for The Newberry Library by the University of Chicago Press, 1968.  (Ref Z 1251 .W5 N43)

Symonds, John Addington.  The Renaissance in Italy.  New York: Modern Library, 1935.  2 Vols.  [Originally published 1876-85.]  (DG 535 .S945 1935)

Tanselle, G. Thomas.  A Checklist of Editions of Moby-Dick, 1851-1976…..  Evanston and Chicago: Northwestern Unviersity Press and The Newberry Library, 1976.

The Zamorano 80: A Selection of Distinguished California Books… Los Angeles: Zamorano Club, 1945 (reprint New York : Kraus Reprint, 1969). (Trsrm. Z 1261 .Z3)

Thomas, Alan G.  Great Books and Book Collectors.  London: Chancellor Press, 1975.

Tooley, R.V. English Books with Coloured Plates, 1790 to 1860, A Bibliographical Account. Folkstone & London: Dawsons of Pall Mall, 1973.

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